Mr. Omar Abdullah-the chief minister of Jammu and Kashmir- born in March 10, 1970 held the distinction of being the youngest chief minister of India till recently. The scion of Kashmir’s first family- a family that needs no introduction- and the offspring of Ms.Mollie Abdullah and Dr. Farooq Abdullah, Mr. Omar Abdullah stands as a metaphor for hope, change and dynamism.
Occupying and sharing space that is usually held by senior politicians and leaders, Mr. Abdullah reflects the aspirations, hopes and yearnings of a young, vibrant and dynamic India and the state of Jammu and Kashmir. His youthful vigor, intuition, inspiring leadership and dynamism is a picture perfect reflection of the new India.
Catapulted onto politics during the late nineties(1998), Mr. Abdullah was elected to the twelfth Lok Sabha- the lower house of the Indian parliament- from the Srinagar Budgam constituency. Owing to the vagaries of politics, he was again elected to the thirteenth Lok Sabha in 1999. He held the important and challenging ministerial portfolios at the Centre. Mr. Abdullah, first served as Minister of State in the Ministry of Commerce and Industries and then as the Minister of State, the Ministry of External Affairs. So impressive was his stint and tenure in both ministries, that he got re-elected to the fourteenth Lok Sabha in 2004.
Mr. Abdullah cut his teeth in the party apparatus and organization of the party he led and headed: the National Conference. He started off as the president of the youth wing of the party and then went onto become the party president. He handed over the reins of the party to his father, Dr. Farooq Abdullah after becoming the Chief Minister. However, in 2012, he became working president of the party. Mr. Abdullah, on account of his diverse and varied experiences, holds multiple vantage points and perspectives which can only be of great utility to the people of India and the state of Jammu and Kashmir.
Mr. Abdullah’s political philosophy and beliefs are fresh, dynamic, and poignant and reflect the nature of his personality. At the same time, these are characterized by sobriety and prudence. In combination, they are the distilled essence of wisdom, intuition and insight. Mr. Abdullah believes that the state as the repository of power and authority should be always of and for the people. And working towards public good the goal of every public servant; himself included. He encapsulates these beliefs and has left the imprimatur of his political philosophy on all domains of government.
Being a passionate believer and staunch advocate of transparency, accountability and responsibility in governance, Mr. Abdullah has pioneered and helped in establishing institutions like the State Information Commission, the State Accountability Commission and the Vigilance Commission. The premise for establishing and empowering these institutions is to inject transparency in government and governance, hold the government accountable and ensure a corruption and smear free government. There are top down initiatives designed to improve both government and governance in the state.
Mr. Abdullah does not believe in government that only runs through decrees and fiats. He holds in feed back loops to the government, bottoms up initiatives and overall empowerment of the citizenry. Towards these ends, he has been instrumental in establishing the Public Service Guarantee Act, the Right to Information Act and Panchayati Raj Instititions. All these bring government closer to the people and have brought about a qualitative transformation of government and governance.
Mr. Abdullah’s economic philosophy corresponds to the soft hearts and hard minds formulation. He believes in equal opportunity and equality of opportunity, dignity of labor and work and wants every citizen of the state to lead a dignified and meaningful life. In terms of economic development, the mantra of the Mr. Abdullah is sustainable and integrated development where environmental and ecological concerns are integrated into the development framework and paradigm.
In terms of political economy, going against the trend of the times, that is, market fundamentalism, Mr. Abdullah believes in a balance between the state and markets. He has emphasized upon the building and generating of human and intellectual capital of the state of Jammu and Kashmir and encouraged the participation of the educated youth in self employment with support from the state. The institution and establishment of the Sher e Kashmir Employment and Welfare Programme for Youth (SKEWPY) encapsulates this economic philosophy.
Mr. Abdullah is also a sport loving and adventurous person. He loves outdoor sports like river rafting, tennis, skiing, scuba diving and motor cross driving.
Isher Judge Ahluwalia
Isher Judge Ahluwalia is Chairperson, Board of Governors, the Indian Council for Research on International Economic Relations (ICRIER). She was awarded Padma Bhushan by the President of India in the year 2009 for her services in the field of education and literature. Dr Ahluwalia was Chairperson of the High Powered Expert Committee on Urban Infrastructure and Services during 2008-2011. She is Member, National Manufacturing Competitiveness Council and is on the Boards of a number of premier research institutes in India. Dr Ahluwalia was Vice Chairperson of the Punjab State Planning Board from 2005 to 2007.
Dr Ahluwalia is a Member of the Eminent Persons Group on India-ASEAN (Association of South East Asian Nations) set up by the respective governments. She is Vice Chairperson, Global Development Network, New Delhi and Member, Board of Trustees of the International Water Management Institute, Sri Lanka. She was Chairperson, Board of Trustees of the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI), Washington D.C. from 2003 to 2006, and a Member of the Eminent Persons Group (EPG) of the Asian Development Bank, which submitted its report, “Towards a New Asian Development Bank in a New Asia” in May 2008.
Dr. Ahluwalia received her B.A. from Presidency College, Calcutta University, M.A. from the Delhi School of Economics, and Ph.D. from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), all in economics. Her research has focused on industrial development, macro-economic reforms, and issues in social sector development in India. She has contributed articles to professionally refereed journals and also engaged in policy debates through the print and electronic media. She is author/co-author/editor of several books including India’s Economic Reforms and Development: Essays for Manmohan Singh (OUP), which she co-edited with Prof. I.M.D Little in 1998 and which has just been reprinted (March 2012) in an updated second edition by OUP as an Oxford India Perennial.
Mani Shankar Aiyar
Mani Shankar Aiyar is a former Indian diplomat turned politician. He was born in Lahore on the 10th of April, 1941. He is a member of the Indian National Congress party and was a part of the first (2004–2009) Cabinet of Prime Minister Dr. Manmohan Singh. While in the Cabinet, he served as the Union Minister of Panchayati Raj, a system of local government particular to South Asia. He served as the Union Cabinet Minister for Petroleum and Natural Gas from May 2004 through January 2006 and of Youth Affairs and Sports till 2009. He was also the first Minister for the Development of the North East Region (DONER).
He has represented the Mayiladuthurai constituency of Tamil Nadu in the 14th Lok Sabha. He is currently a nominated member of parliament from the Rajyasabha. He served 26 years in the IFS, the last five of which were on deputation to the Prime Minister's Office under Rajiv Gandhi (1985–1989). He set out to make a mark in politics after an impressive and eventful administrative career which saw him undertake many missions such as being the country's first ever Consul General in Karachi and taking part in diplomatic missions in Brussels, Hanoi and Baghdad. He was a part of the Parliament as a Congress M.P from Mayiladuthurai in 1991, 1999 and 2004. Mani Shanker Aiyar is the chairman of the Congress party's panchayati cell, the Rajiv Gandhi Panchayati Raj Sangathan. A well-known political columnist, Aiyar has written several books, including Pakistan Papers and Remembering Rajiv, and has edited a four-volume publication, Rajiv Gandhi's India.
His fields of interest include nuclear disarmament, grassroots democracy and Indian foreign policy with a special focus on India's neighboring countries and the West Asian region.
Sukhbir Singh Badal
Sukhbir Singh Badal is the youngest president of Shiromani Akali Dal in the 92-year-old history of the regional party . He is the son of the Punjab chief minister and Akali stalwart Parkash Singh Badal. He currently serves as Deputy Chief Minister of Punjab.
The US-educated Sukhbir Singh Badal was elected as Member of Parliament from Faridkot for 11th and 12th Lok Sabha in 1996 and 1998 respectively. He was union minister of state for industry in the Vajpayee government from 1998 to 1999. He was a member of Rajya Sabha from 2001 to 2004. Known as the prime driver of the development agenda in Punjab, Sukhbir is a die-hard reformist and visionary leader with a clear head.
Abhijit Vinayak Banerjee
Abhijit Vinayak Banerjee was educated at the University of Calcutta, Jawaharlal Nehru University and Harvard University, where he received his Ph.D in 1988. He is currently the Ford Foundation International Professor of Economics at the MIT. In 2003 he founded the Abdul Latif Jameel Poverty Action Lab, along with Esther Duflo and Sendhil Mullainathan, and remains one of the directors of the lab. Banerjee is a past president of the Bureau for the Research in the Economic Analysis of Development, a Research Associate of the NBER, a CEPR research fellow, International Research Fellow of the Kiel Institute, a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences and the Econometric Society and has been a Guggenheim Fellow and an Alfred P. Sloan Fellow. J-PAL received the inaugural BBVA Frontiers of Knowledge Award for world-class research, and Professor Banerjee received the Infosys Prize 2009 in Social Sciences and Economics. In 2011, he was named one of Foreign Policy magazine's top 100 global thinkers. He has authored many articles and books, including Poor Economics (www.pooreconomics.com) which won the Goldman Sachs Business Book of the Year, and he finished his first documentary film, "The Name of the Disease," in 2006.
Boris Becker entranced tennis fans when in 1985, aged just seventeen, he became the youngest ever player to lift the famous cup at the All England Club. The German became a tennis legend, taking the Wimbledon title twice more. His career haul of 49 titles included two Australian Open crowns and one US Open success. Boris now plays on the Senior ATP Tour and Billie Jean King's World Team Tennis tour. He remains a hugely popular figure at Wimbledon and commentates there for the BBC each year.
Professor Stephen Chan OBE has twice been Dean at London University's School of Oriental and African Studies. He has published 28 scholarly books and was the 2010 International Studies Association Eminent Scholar in Global Development. Professor Chan was an international civil servant with the Commonwealth Secretariat and helped pioneer modern election observation at the independence elections in Zimbabwe in 1980 and was afterwards twice invited to Oxford as a visiting fellow. He has worked throughout Africa, most recently in South Sudan. He was consulted by the Chinese Government on its policy towards Darfur as part of a liberalisation in Chinese policy and was also a member of the African delegation, led by the Deputy Chair of the African Union, Patrick Mazimhaka, to the Trilateral Dialogue involving Africa, China and the USA in the first decade of the 2000s. The firstborn son of Chinese refugees to New Zealand, he became a leading figure in the literary renaissance of that country in the late 1960s and early 1970s, and published five volumes of poetry and, more recently, the first of a trio of novels. Professor Chan continues to work in Africa regularly but, from this vantage point, has been able to observe both the strengths and weaknesses of Chinese expansion. His latest book, from Yale University Press, Southern Africa: Old Treacheries and New Deceits, was the most acquired library book on Africa in the USA in the first part of this year. His earlier The End of Certainty, explored international cultural norms and beliefs, including those of Indian folklore and spiritual literature. He is the Chairman of the philanthropic Kwok Meil Wah Foundation.
Ram Charan is a highly sought after business advisor and speaker famous among senior executives for his uncanny ability to solve their toughest business problems. For more than thirty-five years, Charan has worked behind the scenes with top executives at some of the world's most successful companies, including GE, Verizon, Novartis, Dupont, Thomson Corporation, Honeywell, KLM, Bank of America, and MeadWestvaco. He has shared his insights with many others through teaching and writing.
Charan's introduction to business came early while working in the family shoe shop in the small Indian town where he was raised. He earned an engineering degree in India and soon after took a job in Australia and then in Hawaii. When his talent for business was discovered, Charan was encouraged to pursue it. He earned MBA and doctorate degrees from Harvard Business School,
where he graduated with high distinction and was a Baker Scholar. After receiving his doctorate degree, he served on the Harvard Business School faculty.
Charan is well known for providing advice that is down to earth and relevant and that takes into account the real-world complexities of business. Among his recommendations for achieving profitable growth, for example, are to search for "singles and doubles" as well as home runs and to develop what he calls a "growth budget" to instill discipline on growth initiatives. Identified by FORTUNE as the leading expert in corporate governance, Charan is helping boards go beyond the requirements of Sarbanes-Oxley and the New York Stock Exchange by providing practical ways to improve their group dynamics. Boards, CEOs and senior-most human resource executives often seek his advice on talent planning and key hires.
Many people have come to know Charan through in-house executive education programs. His energetic, interactive teaching style has won him several awards. He won the Bell Ringer award at
GE's famous Crotonville Institute and best teacher award at Northwestern. He was among BusinessWeek's top ten resources for in-house executive development programs.
Over the past decade, Charan has captured his business insights in numerous books and articles. In the past five years, Charan's books have sold more than 2 million copies. These include the bestseller Execution: The Discipline of Getting Things Done and Confronting Reality, both co-authored with Larry Bossidy, What the CEO Wants You to Know, Boards at Work, Every Business Is a Growth Business, Profitable Growth, and Boards That Deliver. A frequent contributor to FORTUNE, Charan has written two cover stories, Why CEOs Fail and Why Companies Fail. His other articles have appeared in The Financial Times, Harvard Business Review, Director's Monthly and Strategy and Business.
Charan has served on the Blue Ribbon Commission on Corporate Governance and was elected a Distinguished Fellow of the National Academy of Human Resources. He is on the board of Austin Industries and Tyco Electronics. Charan is based in Dallas, TX.
Christopher Choa is a Principal with AECOM, the international land development and infrastructure consultancy. He focuses on urban regeneration and enhancing regional competitiveness. A prize-winning architect, a graduate of both Harvard and Yale, and native New Yorker, he is based in London and leads the firm’s urban development studio.
William S. Cohen
Secretary William S. Cohen is the Chairman and CEO of The Cohen Group, a strategic business consulting firm based in Washington, DC.
Secretary Cohen served as the 20th U.S. Secretary of Defense, from January 1997 to January 2001, where he oversaw the largest organization in the U.S. with a budget of $300 billion and three million military and civilian personnel.
As a three-term United States Senator (1979 to 1997), he was a recognized expert on defense and international issues, health care, and government procurement. He also served in the U.S. House of Representatives for three terms (1973 to 1979), and as mayor of Bangor, Maine (1971 to 1972).
Secretary Cohen was born in Bangor, Maine and received a B.A. in Latin from Bowdoin College (1962), and a law degree from Boston University Law School (1965).
He forced opposing batsmen to run for their helmets, infusing pace, swing and hostility, in a measured way, into the proceedings. Kapil was an integral member of the golden era for all-rounders – also consisting Ian Botham, Imran Khan and Richard Hadlee – and for the decade and half he strode Indian cricket, was the man any fan would back to win a scrap on the cricket field.
A gifted player who made his India mark as a teenager in the toughest of venues, Pakistan, Kapil led the team’s pace attack for long, going on to finish as the world record for most Test wickets. As captain, he led from the front. Who can forget his sensational 175 not out to pull the team back from the brink against Zimbabwe in the 1983 World Cup or the athletic effort to take the vital catch of Viv Richards in the final triumph against the West Indies? An achievement that helped transform India into the global cricket hub. His contribution to Indian cricket goes beyond the national colours, or whites. And when Kapil led Haryana to Ranji Trophy success, he sent a message to the smaller state sides that they can also dream big. Always available to help any pace bowler who seeks him out for help, Kapil was the ideal motivator during his tenure as India coach. An outspoken voice in the game, Kapil has never shied away from giving his take, whether it is on the players or the administrators.
Ajit Kumar Doval
A highly decorated officer, Ajit Doval retired as Director of Intelligence Bureau India in 2005. A recipient of Kirti Chakra, one of the highest Defence gallantry awards of the country, Shri Doval was also country’s youngest officer to be awarded prestigious Indian Police Medal for Meritorious Service at the age of 29, a record that he still holds in the country. After obtaining his master’s degree in Economics in 1967 securing first position in the University of Agra, he joined the Indian Police Service in 1968. A graduate of National Defense College, Shri Doval was elected President of the International Association of Chiefs of the Police for Asia and Pacific region in 2004. During over three decades of his services with the Intelligence Bureau, he held many senior positions both within and outside the country. Essentially an operations man, he mostly worked in the field including North-East, Sikkim, Punjab, J&K, Pakistan, U.K. etc. In the Headquarters, he headed IB’s operation and counter intelligence wings for long years and was founder Chairman of the Multi Agency Centre and Joint Task Force on Intelligence.
Widely known to be amongst the very best Intelligence officers India have ever seen, he was actively involved in resolution of insurgency in Mizoram, Sikkim operation, handling of militancy in Punjab, tackling trans-border terrorism in Kashmir etc. During Mizoram conflict, Laldenga Chief of Mizo National Front claimed that Doval had won over 6 of his 7 army commanders leaving him no choice but to accept the settlement with India. He spent long periods of time incognito in Mizo insurgent camps in India and across. In Punjab he was behind the rescue of Romanian diplomat Liviu Radu and the success of Operation Black Thunder. Doval was actually inside the Harimandir Sahib in Amritsar, Punjab, in 1989 during the Operation Black Thunder. He is said to have planned out the Punjab state elections of 1992.
Doval spent six years in Pakistan. In Kashmir, he persuaded many militant groups like that of Kuka Parray to become counter-insurgents targeting hardline pro-Pakistani terrorists. This set the way for state elections in Jammu and Kashmir in 1996. While tackling terrorism in the country’s hinterland, during 2000-2004, nearly 300 Pakistani sleeper cells and espionage rings were unearthed and neutralized.
He is held in high esteem as one of India’s foremost analyst and commentator on national and international security and strategic issues. Known for his clarity of vision for Indian and Global security and practical ideas to deal with them, his writings have been widely published both within and outside the country. He has extensively spoken, nationally and internationally, on strengthening Indian security apparatus and closer security cooperation amongst the nations. Currently, he is the Director of Vivekananda International Foundation, a non-partisan think tank and research centre dedicated to strategic and security studies, international relations and other issues of national concern. A strong advocate of a centrally strategized, coordinated and resourced response to national level threats, he has been a supporter for creation of National Counter Terrorism Centre (NCTC). Mr. Doval has also spoken at esteemed global conferences and seminars in support of greater international cooperation for tackling common security threats.
Jonathan Fenby is the author of six books on China and six others on subjects including the Second World War Alliance, France and Charles de Gaulle. His most recent book is Tiger Head, Snake Tails on contemporary China which has been a critically acclaimed best-seller. His widely-praised Penguin History of Modern China was chosen as a book of the year by both the Economist and Financial Times. He is China Director of the research service, Trusted Sources (www.trustedsources.co.uk) which has a strong record in analysing and forecasting political, economic and social developments in the People’s Republic. He has been editor of The South China Morning Post, The Observer and Reuters World Service, and held senior editorial positions with The Economist, The Independent and The Guardian. He lectures and contributes frequently to press and broadcasting stations on China and international affairs. He is a Commander of the British Empire (CBE) and Knight of both the French Legion of Honour and Order of Merit.
He is India’s most successful Test captain and is regarded among the most influential cricket leaders of the modern game. Sourav presided over the destiny of the team after taking over as captain in 2000 in the middle of one of the most challenging periods in the game’s history, in the wake of the match-fixing scandal. Having made his India debut as a teenager to announce his talent, Sourav then demonstrated his resilience as he fought to make a grand comeback with back to back centuries in England on his Test debut in 1996. The man who became an integral part of India’s strongest batting line-up ever, presided over some of India’s most memorable victories, particularly infusing steel in a side to take on tough opposition overseas.
The 2001 home series victory over the all-conquering Australia, the 2002 NatWest Trophy success in England Sourav captaining the team to the World Cup final in southern Africa the next year are all part of the highlights of Indian cricket. Sourav also played a splendid mentoring role to many young players, like Harbhajan Singh, Yuvraj Singh and Virender Sehwag, who went on to carve their name in the country’s cricket history.
After his retirement, the articulate ‘Bengal Tiger’ has gone on to quickly establish himself as a commentator, described by none other than the man whom he teamed up with so successfully – John Wright – describing him as the John McEnroe of cricket commentary.
Dr. Erik Jones
ERIK JONES is Director of European Studies at the Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies and Director of the Bologna Institute for Policy Research of the Johns Hopkins University. He is also Head of Europe at Oxford Analytica. In addition, Professor Jones is a Senior Research Fellow at Nuffield College in Oxford, United Kingdom. Jones is author of The Politics of Economic and Monetary Union (2002), Economic Adjustment and Political Transformation in Small States (2008), and, together with Dana Allin, Weary Policeman: American Power in an Age of Austerity (2012). He is editor or co-editor of more than twenty books or special issues of journals on topics related to European politics and political economy including The Oxford Handbook of the European Union (2012). He is also a regular columnist with E!Sharp. Professor Jones teaches on topics in international and comparative political economy with a particular focus on Europe and the transatlantic relationship. A US citizen, Professor Jones has lived in Europe for the last twenty years; he is married with three children.
Born in Hong Kong, Katrina, alongwith the rest of her family travelled across the world before settling down in London for a few years. A chance visit to India, Katrina was hooked and the rest as they say, is the stuff that history books are written about. A few initial years were spent in endorsing select advertising assignments and then in 2005, Kaif made a cameo in Ram Gopal Verma's drama Sarkar. The same year, she landed her first major role in David Dhawan's Maine Pyaar Kyun Kiya, where she was paired opposite Salman Khan. The film was a huge commercial success. In 2007, Kaif appeared in four films, all of which were successful at the box office. Her first release was Vipul Shah's romantic-comedy Namastey London. She next played a supporting role in Anil Sharma's melodrama Apne. Her next release was David Dhawan's Partner, where she starred alongside Salman Khan, Govinda, and Lara Dutta. Her final film of 2007, Welcome, directed by Anees Bazmee and co-starring Akshay Kumar, Paresh Rawal and Anil Kapoor, was declared a blockbuster in India. Her first release of 2008 was Abbas-Mustan's action-thriller Race. Kaif was next seen in Anees Bazmee's action comedy Singh Is Kinng, portraying Akshay Kumar's love interest and Ranvir Shorey's fiancée. After its release, the film was declared a blockbuster, making it Kaif's sixth consecutive success at the box office. The movie also emerged as the third highest grossing film of 2008. Kaif's final release of the year, Subhash Ghai's Yuvvraaj, was a commercial failure, but its script made its way into the Library of the Academy of Motion Picture Arts & Sciences for artistic merit, original screenplay with a substance, and the film as a whole.
In 2009, she featured in Kabir Khan's terrorism drama New York, with John Abraham and Neil Nitin Mukesh. It was a critical and commercial success in both India and overseas. For her performance, Kaif received her first Filmfare nomination in the Best Actress category. In November 2009, she appeared along with Ranbir Kapoor, in Rajkumar Santoshi's blockbuster comedy Ajab Prem Ki Ghazab Kahani. Her final release that year was Priyadarshan's star-studded De Dana Dan which again, was a box office winner.
Kaif's first release of 2010 was Prakash Jha's political thriller Raajneeti, where she appeared opposite Ranbir Kapoor and Arjun Rampal. Upon release, the film performed extremely well at the box office, and earned Kaif favourable reviews for her portrayal of the dynamic Indu Sakseria. Her final release that year was Farah Khan's brainless comedy Tees Maar Khan with Akshay Kumar. The film received unanimous negative reviews from critics and was declared a flop. However, Kaif's song in the film Sheila Ki Jawani became a major chartbuster.
In 2011, she was seen alongside Hrithik Roshan, Farhan Akhtar, Abhay Deol and Kalki Koechlin in Zoya Akhtar's dramedy Zindagi Na Milegi Dobara, which emerged as a major critical and commercial success. Kaif was praised for her portrayal of a fun-loving diving instructor Laila. Taran Adarsh wrote, "Katrina is a revelation...the actress continues to surprise you with her performances in film after film." She next featured in Yash Raj Films' comedy Mere Brother Ki Dulhan opposite Imran Khan and Ali Zafar. The film was successful at the box office, and earned Kaif positive notice for her portrayal of vivacious punk-rock girl Dimple Dixit, with Rahul Gangwani saying "the film ultimately belongs to Katrina Kaif. She sparkles, sizzles and infuses energy into the film." Consequently, she received her second Filmfare nomination in the Best Actress category. Her first release of 2012 was Kabir Khan's spy thriller Ek Tha Tiger opposite Salman Khan. The film opened on 15 August, 2012 and has hence become the 2nd film to cross the 300 crore box office mark in the Bollywood film space. Her current projects include Yash Chopra’s Jab Tak Hai Jaan alongside Shah Rukh Khan and Vijay Krishna Acharya's adventure film Dhoom 3 alongside Aamir Khan. Early 2013, she begins shooting for Twentieth Century Fox’s ‘Knight & Day’ adaptation by Siddarth Anand with Hrithik Roshan.
Anatole Kaletsky is Anatole is chief economist of GaveKal Dragonomics, a Hong Kong-based financial group that provides investment analysis to investment institutions around the world and manages $1.5bn of Asian and US assets. He is also an award-winning columnist, writing a weekly column for Reuters and the International Herald Tribune on global economics and politics.
Before creating GaveKal and joining Reuters he worked as a journalist for the Financial Times. The Economist, and The Times in New York, Washington and Moscow, as well as in London. His writing has won many awards, including Newspaper Commentator of the Year and European Journalist of the Year. His recent book, Capitalism 4.0, about the reinvention of global capitalism after the 2008 crisis, was nominated for the BBC's Samuel Johnson Prize and was translated into Chinese, Korean, German and Portuguese.
In 2012 Anatole became Chairman of the Institute for New Economic Thinking, a foundation he helped create after the 2008 financial crisis, with $150m of grants from George Soros, Paul Volcker, Jim Balsillie, Bill Janeway and other leading financiers, to support academic research in economics outside the dominant paradigm of "efficient markets" and "rational expectations".
Dr. Sameer Kaul was brought up in Srinagar, Kashmir where he studied at the Burn Hall School. His basic degree in medicine was acquired at the Govt. Medical College, Srinagar in 1978. Soon work at the Tata Memorial Hospital, Mumbai lead to a Master degree in Surgical Oncology. Having acquired varied surgical skills at Nanavati Hospital, Jaslok Hospital, KEM Hospital and Beach Candy Hospital in Mumbai, he left for London to work at the Royal Marsden Cancer Hospital. His work lead to an Oncology Fellowship, whereafter he returned to work in Delhi, initially at Batra Hospital and now for the last 15 years at Apollo Cancer Institute. He heads SURGICAL ONCOLOGY UNIT I comprised of half a dozen consultants and other junior consultants and is certainly among the busiest oncology division in India. He conducts monthly outpatient clinics in Apollo Cancer Institute, New Delhi, Artemis hospital, Gurgaon, Kashmir Valley & Mauritius. His interest lies in popularizing innovative techniques in oncology. Port insertion, Primary Reconstruction for Ca Breast, and now Radio Frequency Ablation owe it to his pioneering efforts in India. An avid speaker keenly sought in this region for his original thought and his ability to ask question conventional beliefs and practices in oncology.
He is also Founder President of a successful non-governmental organization called Breast Cancer Patients Benefit Foundation. The foundation works in the area of offering better cancer care to economically under privileged patients in India, spreads awareness about this dreaded disease, run a Central Drug Repository and most importantly trains clinicians in the field of oncology across India and the neighboring countries often leading up to fellowship.
Yet another diverse but passionate part of his life is his active participation in regional politics in J&K State. He currently functions as the Chief National Spokesperson for the People Democratic Party, J&K.
Dr. John Kay
John Kay is one of Britain’s leading economists. He is a distinguished academic, a successful businessman, an adviser to companies and governments around the world, and an acclaimed columnist. His work has been mostly concerned with the application of economics to the analysis of changes in industrial structure and the competitive advantage of individual firms. His interests encompass both business strategy and public policy. Today he is probably most widely known for his weekly column in the Financial Times, which ranges over topical issues in economics, finance and business. A guide to his recent writing can be found on his website www.johnkay.com
Shah Rukh Khan
At 46, Shah Rukh Khan has managed to capture the collective Indian imagination like few other Bollywood stars have. With a fan following that runs into many millions and a series of films that speak of tremendous talent and intense hard work, SRK rules the Indian film industry. Shah Rukh Khan won his first award in 1992, the Filmfare Award for Sensational Debut. To date he has won 14 Filmfare Awards. SRK has also been honoured with more than 40 Awards instituted by media and corporate house. Three National Honours including Best Indian Citizen award in 1997, Rajiv Gandhi award for Excellence in 2002 and Padma Shri in 2005 have been awarded to Shah Rukh Khan.
SRK heads a successful film production company “Red Chillies Entertainment Pvt. Ltd.” which has to its credit some of the most remarkable films.
SRK endorses more than 15 national and international brands that have leveraged their association with this dynamic personality and have grown manifolds.
Shah Rukh visited Edinburgh to participate in the Master Class Event, making him the first Indian man to receive this honour. This recognition as a cultural ambassador of India to the rest of the world has come to Shah Rukh in the face of pure performance and unfailing integrity. The French Government conferred upon SRK the prestigious title of 'Officer of the Order of Arts and Letters' (Officer dans l'Ordre des Aris et des Lettres) which is one of the four Ministerial Honours of the French republic, established to reward artists who have gained fame for their works in the field of arts and literature and have promoted these fields. The titles of “Professor” by Coventry University UK and “Doctorate” by Bedfordshire University have been awarded to SRK. Shah Rukh Khan was conferred with the Malaysian title of 'Datuk', akin to the British knighthood in December 2008.
Voted one of the ten sexiest men in Asia and the Asian Hero by Time Magazine, Shah Rukh was born, brought up and educated in New Delhi but now stays in Mumbai. By virtue of the unparalleled love of millions around the world king Khan is truly a global citizen.
Dr. Parag Khanna
Parag Khanna is a leading geo-strategist, world traveler, and author. He is Director of the Hybrid Reality Institute, Senior Research Fellow at the New America Foundation, Visiting Fellow at LSE IDEAS, Senior Fellow at the European Council on Foreign Relations, and Senior Fellow at the Singapore Institute of International Affairs. He is author of Hybrid Reality: Thriving in the Emerging Human-Technology Civilization (2012), the international bestseller The Second World: Empires and Influence in the New Global Order (2008) and How to Run the World: Charting a Course to the Next Renaissance (2011). In 2008, Parag was named one of Esquire’s “75 Most Influential People of the 21st Century,” and featured in WIRED magazine’s “Smart List.” Parag is regularly featured in media around the world such as the New York Times, TIME, Financial Times, and Wall Street Journal, and appears regularly on CNN, BBC, Al Jazeera, PBS, and NPR. He holds a PhD from the London School of Economics, and Bachelors and Masters degrees from the School of Foreign Service at Georgetown University. Born in India, Parag grew up in the United Arab Emirates, New York, and Germany. He has traveled to more than 100 countries and is a Young Global Leader of the World Economic Forum and a Fellow of the Royal Geographical Society.
Sunil Kumar is Dean and George Pratt Shultz Professor of Operations Management at the University of Chicago Booth School of Business.
Dr. Kumar’s academic research includes performance evaluation and control of manufacturing systems, service operations, and communications networks. In particular, he studies systems affected by stochastic variability via mathematical models. He also studies application of optimization methods and control theory to managerial problems. Dr. Kumar has published dozens of scholarly research articles and has served as the editor of the Stochastic Models area of the journal Operations Research. He co-developed a widely used factory simulator for teaching operations management. The simulator, “Littlefield Technologies,” has been used in classes at more than 50 business and engineering schools. He also served as an operations consultant to several companies.
Dr. Kumar joined the Chicago Booth faculty on January 1, 2011, after spending 14 years on the faculty of the Stanford University Graduate School of Business where he also served as senior associate dean for academic affairs, overseeing the school’s MBA program and leading faculty groups in marketing and organizational behavior.
Born in India, Dr. Kumar received a Master of Engineering degree in computer science and automation from the Indian Institute of Science in Bangalore and a Bachelor of Engineering degree from Mangalore University in Surathkal. He earned a PhD in electrical engineering from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.
DEEPAK LAL is James S. Coleman Professor Emeritus of International Development Studies, University of California at Los Angeles, and Professor Emeritus of Political Economy, University College London. He was educated at the Doon School, Dehra Dun, St. Stephen's College, Delhi, and Jesus College, Oxford. He has been a member of the Indian Foreign Service, (1963-66), a full-time consultant to the Indian Planning Commission (1973-74) and a consultant to numerous international agencies and governments. He was the Research Administrator at the World Bank (1984-87) He received the Italian Societa Libera's International Freedom Prize for Economics in 2007, and was the President of the Mont Pelerin Society.
Professor Lal is the author of numerous articles and books on economic development and public policy including: The Poverty of Development Economics; The Hindu Equilibrium; Unintended Consequences; In Praise of Empires; Reviving the Invisible Hand; and most recently Lost Causes and Poverty and Progress.
Sir Peter Lampl
Sir Peter Lampl is acknowledged to be the UK’s leading educational philanthropist. He is the founder and chairman of the Sutton Trust which aims to improve social mobility through education. The Trust has funded over 100 research studies but it is primarily a 'do tank' initating and supporting a wide range of programmes from early years through to access to the professions.
He is also chairman of the Education Endowment Foundation set up last year by the Sutton Trust with support from Impetus Trust funded by an endowment of £135 million from the Government to improve the performance of the poorest children in the worst performing schools.
Before establishing the Sutton Trust, Peter was the founder and chairman of the Sutton Company, a Private Equity firm with offices in New York, London and Munich and became one of the 200 wealthiest people in the UK.
One of India’s greatest players, Laxman is the consummate touch artist who can floor one with his humility outside the ground or with his sublime shots in it. One of the pillars in the golden era in India’s cricket, his decision to pursue the game meant the medical profession’s loss was international cricket’s gain.
His immense talent and tremendous work ethic did not help the ‘Very Very Special’ player escape trying times as an India cricket, but it is a tribute to his qualities as a model sportsman that he has kept flashing his wonderful smile through all that. As a batsman, he showed the courage to tell the selectors that if they wanted to get the best out of him, they should allow him to bat in the middle-order.
He single-handedly gave India their most memorable batting moment – smashing Australia’s formidable bowling attack to score a then Indian Test record 281 to snatch victory from defeat at Eden Gardens in 2001, a remarkable effort that turned the series on its head and gave India a great comeback victory.
One of the finest cricketing minds never to captain India, Laxman has stayed a leader on the field. He has provided resilience to India’s batting by nursing the lower order and tail-enders time and again. After announcing his India retirement, Laxman has taken on the responsibility to help guide Hyderabad to its former glory in Ranji Trophy – a fine example of giving back to the game.
Dr. Amory B. Lovins
Physicist Amory B. Lovins is cofounder, Chairman, and Chief Scientist of Rocky Mountain Institute (www.rmi.org), an independent nonprofit think-and-do tank that drives the efficient and restorative use of resources. An advisor to major firms and governments in over 50 countries for the past four decades, he is author of 31 books and over 450 papers, and recipient of the Blue Planet, Volvo, Zayed, Onassis, Nissan, Shingo, and Mitchell Prizes, MacArthur and Ashoka Fellowships, 11 honorary doctorates, and the Heinz, Lindbergh, Right Livelihood, National Design, and World Technology Awards. Educated at Harvard and Oxford, he is a former Oxford don, an honorary U.S. architect, a Swedish engineering academician, a member of the National Petroleum Council, and a Professor of Practice at the Naval Postgraduate School. He has taught at nine other universities, most recently Stanford University's School of Engineering. In 2009, Time named him one of the world's 100 most influential people, and Foreign Policy, one of the 100 top global thinkers.
His latest books are the coauthored business classic Natural Capitalism (1999); the Economist book of the year Small Is Profitable: The Hidden Economic Benefits of Making Electrical Resources the Right Size (2002, www.smallisprofitable.org); the Pentagon-cosponsored Winning the Oil Endgame (2004, www.oilendgame.com), The Essential Amory Lovins (Earthscan, London, Sept. 2011); and Reinventing Fire: Bold Business Solutions for the New Energy Era (Chelsea Green, Oct. 2011, www.reinventingfire.com).
Rana Mitter is Professor of the History and Politics of Modern China at the University of Oxford, and a Fellow of St Cross College. His research has focused on the historical development of Chinese nationalism, with a particular interest in the Sino-Japanese War of the 1930s and 1940s, and its effects on shaping contemporary China. He is the author of several books including A Bitter Revolution: China’s Struggle with the Modern World (Oxford, 2004), for which he was named Young Academic Author of the Year by the UK Times Higher Education Supplement in 2005, and Modern China: A Very Short Introduction (Oxford, 2008). His new book Forgotten Ally: China’s War with Japan, 1937-1945, will be published in 2013.
Rana presents and contributes regularly to programmes on television and radio, including BBC World News, the History Channel, and Night Waves on BBC Radio 3 in the UK. His essays and reviews have appeared in publications including the Financial Times, Outlook, The Telegraph (Kolkata), The Times of India, The Guardian, The Economist, and History Today.
President Pervez Musharraf
President Pervez Musharraf occupied, what TIME Magazine described as "the most dangerous job in the world," playing a crucial role in the global war on terror. President Musharraf has
survived two assassination attempts; rooted out militants in his own government; helped direct countless raids against Al Qaeda - both in his cities and in the mountains; and tracked Osama Bin Laden with technical and human intelligence. His astonishingly revealing memoir, In the Line of Fire, chronicles his struggles for the security and political future of his nation, with high stakes for the world at large.
At the start of his presidency, political restructuring was one of the four areas of focus for his government.
He began examining why democracy remained dysfunctional in Pakistan and addressed the core malaise. He empowered the people of Pakistan at the grass roots level through a local government system, which did not previously exist; the women of Pakistan were empowered by gaining reserve seats at every tier of
the Parliament; multiple private TV channels were allowed for the first time in the history of Pakistan, and the electronic and print media began operating independently of the government.
Following the September 11th terror attacks, the United States sought President Musharraf’s support to fight the Taliban. With a vision for a modern, democratic, non-fundamentalist Islamic Pakistan, President Musharraf was one of America’s greatest allies in helping to fight the Taliban.
In the course of his seven years at the helm of affairs in Pakistan, President Musharraf traveled widely all over the world and met many prominent leaders, and many of those leaders came to Pakistan and interacted with him. Such top-level interactions allowed him to develop a sense of the geo-strategic
realities of the world, and various conflict regions. It also crystallized his views and perceptions of key world issues. President Musharraf articulated one such thought to bring harmony into distraught regions in the form of a "strategy of Enlightened Moderation". This captured the imagination of the West in particular, and was adopted by the Islamic World for Enlightened Moderation.
President Musharraf has a vision for Pakistan, and still believes that it is a nation that has all the resources, the potential and all the human capability to be transformed into a progressive, moderate, and prosperous Islamic State.
Alan is the Dean of the Bartlett faculty of the Built Environment and a founding director of Space Syntax Ltd, a UCL knowledge transfer spin out with a portfolio of over 100 applied projects per year, including whole city masterplans, neighbourhood development plans and individual buildings. He is a member of the Space Group, an EPSRC Platform funded research group. He was the founding Chair of the RIBA’s Research and Innovation Committee, and served in that role until 2006. He was Chair of the Architecture & the Built Environment sub-panel 30 for the UK National Research Assessment Exercise 2008, and a member of its Main Panel H. He is the Chair of the Architecture, Built Environment and Planning sub-panel 16 and a member of Main-panel C for the Research Excellence Framework 2014. He was the lead academic on the £5m Urban Buzz: Building Sustainable Communities knowledge exchange programme which promoted more sustainable forms of urban development and intensification in London and the greater South East Region of the UK. He was Principal Investigator on the City History and Multi-scale Spatial Master-planning UK-China Research Network, 国际研究网络：城市历史与多尺度的空间整体规划, funded by the UK’s Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council to develop UK-Chinese academic research collaboration. He is a trustee of the Shakespeare North Trust and of the Institute for Sustainability.
His research focuses on understanding the way that the design of the built environment affects the patterns of social and economic behaviour of organisations and communities. How is it that architecture and urban design matter for those that inhabit them? How is it that the spatial design of cities and neighbourhoods leads to the generation of cultural and community identity? Under what conditions do vital and thriving creative communities occur, and under what conditions does crime and urban malaise develop?
In order to investigate these questions he has developed both research methodologies and software tools. These are known as ‘space syntax’ methods. Current research includes the development of agent based simulations of human behaviour, the development of spatio-temporal representations of built environments, investigations of urban spatial networks and the application of these techniques in studies of urban sustainability in the broadest sense, covering social, economic, environmental and institutional dimensions.
As a youngster, Suresh Raina had to give up the comforts of his home and family to hone his skills as a cricketer in a sports hostel. He was rewarded for all that hard work as this left-handed batsman carried the flag for many talented players who have come up from smaller cricketing centres, other than major hubs like Delhi, Mumbai or Bangalore, and played for India.
As an India batsman, Raina demonstrated his cool temperament early in his career and quickly became a finisher in the Rahul Dravid-led one-day team. The unassuming player was the batsman the team often looked up to step in and guide the chase whenever India lost wickets early.
Be it his enthusiasm, friendly disposition or his brilliant fielding -- close to the bat or in the deep -- and his useful off-spin, they lift the team every time the players look for that extra effort to bounce back from tough situations.
A vital member of India’s one-day squad since 2005, he was part of the triumphant World Cup side at home last year. And Raina was the natural choice as stand-in captain for the limited-overs part of the West Indies tour that followed. He impressed with his leadership and guided the side to victory in both the one-off T20 international as well as the ODI series. His best in Test cricket is yet to come, but he has always demonstrated his unwavering focus, fighting qualities and a positive approach which should help him seal a regular berth in the longest format in the near future.
Jairam Ramesh is an Indian economist and politician belonging from Indian National Congress in the United Progressive Alliance (UPA) ruling coalition. He is a Member of the upper house of Parliament from Andhra Pradesh since June, 2004. In July, 2011, Mr. Ramesh became Minister of Rural Development. He was previously the Indian Minister of State (Independent Charge) at the Ministry of Environment and Forests from May 2009 to July 2011.
Vir Sanghvi (Hindi: वीर सांघवी) (born 5 July 1956) is an Indian print and television journalist, columnist, and talk show host. Currently, he is an Advisor, at HT Media.
At 23, he was the founder-editor of the Bombay magazine, before moving on to edit Imprint, and finally editing Sunday magazine, which he did for over 12 years. He later was appointed editor of the Hindustan Times.
Dr. Howard I. Scher
Howard I. Scher, MD is Chief of the Genitourinary Oncology Service at Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center and Professor of Medicine at the Weill Cornell Medical College. An internationally recognized investigator, Dr. Scher has helped elucidate key molecular and genetic features of prostate cancer and has translated these insights into the evaluation of novel targeted agents in the clinic. Most recently, he led the clinical development of enzalutamide (MDV3100), a novel androgen-receptor signaling inhibitor targeting a key driver of prostate cancer growth. His work also focuses on developing non-invasive methods of determining whether targeted therapies are working.
Dr. Scher is a member of the Prostate Cancer Clinical Trials Working Group and led an international effort to standardize the design and analysis of phase II trials. He is also principal investigator of the NIH-supported Specialized Program of Research Excellence (SPORE) in Prostate Cancer and the Prostate Cancer Clinical Trials Consortium, a multi-center research collaborative funded by the Department of Defense and the Prostate Cancer Foundation.
Dr. Scher is widely published, the recipient of numerous awards, and the first incumbent of the D. Wayne Calloway Chair in Urologic Oncology.
Dr.Thaksin Shinawatra became the 23rd Prime Minister of Thailand on 9 February 2001 and was the first Prime Minister in the Thai history who completed a full four – year term in January 2005. He was reelected in February 2005 and was Prime Minister until a military coup on 19 September 2006. Previous political appointments include Minister of Foreign Affairs from 2 November 1994 to 10 February 1995; Leader of the Palang Dharma Party, 28 May 1995 to 18 November 1996; Deputy Prime Minister (In charge of traffic and transportation in Bangkok) 28 July 1995 to 14 August 1996; and Deputy Prime Minister from 15 August to 14 November 1997. In July 1998 he established and became Leader of the Thai Rak Thai Party. On 6 January 1998 to February 2001 he was Member of the Parliament (Party List).
Dr.Shinawatra founded and became Vice Chairman of the THAICOM Foundation, (initiating the satellite education program for young children in remote area unable to continue their education at the secondary school level) on 20 September 1993. Since 1994 he was chairman of the Advisory Committee of Pre-Cadet Class 10 & Police Cadet Class 26. On 12 September 1998 he became president of the Northerners’ Association of Thailand; on 9 February 1999 he became honorary chairman of the Northern Thai Association of Washington, D.C., United States, and on 28 June 1999 he became honorary advisor of the Thai Northerners Association of Illinois, United States.
In 1973, Dr.Shinawatra joined the Royal Thai Police Department and was promoted to Police Lieutenant Colonel in 1987. His last position was as deputy superintendent of the Policy and Planning Sub-division, General Staff Division, Metropolitan Police Bureau. In 1987 he started Shinawatra Computer and Communications Group, and became its Chairman until 1994.
Dr. Shinawatra has received several awards including “1992 ASEAN Businessman of the Year” from the ASEAN Institute, Indonesia in 1992; “ Kiattiyod Jakdao” in Economical Development from the Committee of the Armed forces Preparatory School Foundation in 1992; In 1993 he was “ Outstanding Telecom Man of the Year Award” ; was honored as one of the twelve “ Leading Asian Businessmen” by the Singapore Business Times, a finalist of the “Asian CEO of the Year” selected by the Financial World; and was invited as the first Thai and third fellow to attend the “Lee Kuan Yew Exchange Fellowship” program. In 1996 Dr.Shinawatra received the “Outstanding Criminal Justice Alumnus Award” from the Criminal Justice Center, and was honored the “Distinguished Alumni Award” from Sam Houston State University. In 1997 he received the honorary award as the “Outstanding Politician” (who has contributed significantly to the society) from the Mass Media Photographer Association of Thailand (MPA). In October 2002, he received “Sam Houston Humanitarian Award” from Sam Houston State University, U.S.A. Dr.Shinawatra also received Honorary Doctorate Degree from Tokyo Institute of Technology, Japan. In May 2007, he received Honorary Doctor of Sciences of Plekhanov Russian Academy of Economic, Russia. In November 2009, he was appointed as personal Economic Adviser to Prime Minister Sam Dech Hun Sen and Adviser to the Cambodian Government in charge of economy and he resigned in August 2010.
Dr.Shinawatra graduated from the Police Cadet Academy in Thailand in 1973. In 1975 he gained his master’s degree in criminal justice from Eastern Kentucky University, and in 1978 gained a doctorate degree in criminal justice, from Sam Houston State University, United State. Dr. Shinawatra holds the following royal decorations: Knight Grand Commander of the Most Illustrious Order of Chula Chom Klao (2002); Knight Grand Cross (First Class) of the Most Admirable Order of the Direkgunabhorn (2001); Knight Grand Cordon (Special Class) of the Most Exalted Order of the White Elephant (1996); Knight Grand Cordon (Special Class) of the Most Noble Order of the Crown of Thailand (1995).
He also holds the foreign decorations: Royal Order of Sahametrei (Grand Cross) of the Kingdom of Cambodia (2001); Ahmed Al Fatch of the Kingdom of Bahrain (2002); The Most Blessed Order of Setia Negara Brunei (1st Class) P.S.N.B. of Brunei Darussalam (2002); Commander Grand Cross of the Royal Order of the Polar Star of the Kingdom of Sweden.
Dr. Ashutosh K. Tewari
Dr. Tewari is a tenured professor at Weill Cornell Medical College, as well as the Director of the Prostate Cancer Institute and the Director of the Lefrak Center for Robotic Surgery. Over the past several years Dr. Tewari has studied various aspects of prostate cancer including surgical prostate anatomy, genetic risk profiling, epidemiology, racial disparities, risk modeling and survivorship issues. To further his commitment to the betterment of surgical outcomes, Dr. Tewari has worked on improving the accuracy of his staging efforts and focused on novel imaging approaches and developing predictive modeling tools. Clinically, he has performed several thousand robotic prostate cancer surgeries and has established a prostate bio repository at the Prostate Cancer Institute, New York. His current research is funded by awards from the Ronald P. Lynch Chair Endowment of Urologic Oncology, the Richard S. and Karen Lefrak Endowment Fund, the National Institute of Health the Prostate Cancer Foundation, and several other federal and industry grants. Dr. Tewari’s current research projects focus on a) the development of new surgical techniques and modifications to examine functional and oncological improvements in prostate cancer surgery; b) the genetic hallmark of cancer and utilizing novel molecular biology techniques to identify aggressive phenotypes of prostate cancer; c) evaluating molecular differences to explain racial disparities in outcomes; d) developing novel approaches for describing radiological phenotypes of aggressive prostate cancer; e) and exploring the utility of multi-parameteric MRI as the Male “Prostatogram” for optimal management of prostate cancer and monitoring active surveillance patients.
J. Craig Venter
J. Craig Venter, Ph.D., is regarded as one of the leading scientists of the 21st century for his numerous invaluable contributions to genomic research. He is Founder, Chairman, and President of the
J. Craig Venter Institute (JCVI), a not-for-profit, research organization with approximately 300 scientists and staff dedicated to human, microbial, plant, synthetic and environmental
genomic research, and the exploration of social and ethical issues in genomics.
Dr. Venter is also Founder and CEO of Synthetic Genomics Inc., a privately held company dedicated to commercializing genomic-driven solutions to address global needs such as new sources of energy and next generation vaccines.
Dr. Venter began his formal education after a tour of duty as a Navy Corpsman in Vietnam from 1967 to 1968. After earning both a Bachelor’s degree in Biochemistry and a Ph.D. in Physiology and Pharmacology from the University of California at San Diego, he was appointed professor at the State University of New York at Buffalo and the Roswell Park Cancer Institute. In 1984, he moved to the National Institutes of Health campus where he developed Expressed Sequence Tags or ESTs, a revolutionary new strategy for rapid gene discovery. In 1992 Dr. Venter founded The Institute for Genomic Research (TIGR, now part of JCVI), a notfor-profit research institute, where in 1995 he and his team decoded the genome of the first free-living organism, the bacterium Haemophilus influenzae, using his new whole genome shotgun technique.
In 1998, Dr. Venter founded Celera Genomics to sequence the human genome using new tools and techniques he and his team developed. This research culminated with the February 2001 publication of the human genome in the journal, Science. He and his team at Celera also sequenced the fruit fly, mouse and rat genomes.
Dr. Venter and his team at the Venter Institute continue to blaze new trails in genomics. He and his team have sequenced and analyzed hundreds of genomes, and have published numerous important papers covering such areas as environmental genomics, the first complete diploid human genome, and the
groundbreaking advance in creating the first self replicating bacterial cell constructed entirely with synthetic DNA.
Dr. Venter, one of the most frequently cited scientists, is the author of more than 250 research articles. He is also the recipient of numerous honorary degrees, public honors, and scientific awards, including the 2008 United States National Medal of Science, the 2002 Gairdner Foundation International Award and the 2001 Paul Ehrlich and Ludwig Darmstaedter Prize. Dr. Venter is a member of numerous prestigious scientific organizations including the National Academy of Sciences, the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and the American Society for Microbiology.