Panel 2: R2P in Practice - Policy Approaches Since 2005, will consider the spectrum of global policy responses to R2P-related threats and crises since 2005. Speakers will reflect on international efforts to engage across the crisis continuum and evaluate an array of policy approaches, ranging from international assistance and stabilization to crisis diplomacy and coercive action. While not limited to listed cases, each panel will draw lessons from a cluster of crises chosen to reflect the range of challenges and opportunities faced in developing direct R2P policies. Comparisons between and beyond these cases are encouraged."
Mr. Abdel-Elah Al-Khatib served as Special Envoy of the United Nations Secretary-General's to Libya in 2011. Currently, he is a Member of the Upper House of Parliament of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan, has served twice as Jordanian Foreign Minister (1998-2002 and 2005-2007), was appointed Chairman of the Economic and Social Council of Jordan in 2009, and served as Minister of Tourism from 1995 to 1996. He has held various positions in the private sector, including CEO of investment and industrial companies. Mr. Al-Khatib started his career as a Diplomat and served as Head of the Special Bureau of the Foreign Ministry and as a Member of the Embassy in Washington, DC, and at Jordan's UN Mission in New York. He is an active contributor to the work of civil society in Jordan, and he is currently the Chairman of the Royal Society for the Conservation of Nature.
Liberata R. Mulamula
Ambassador Liberata Mulamula is the Former Executive Secretary of the International Conference on the Great Lakes Region with its headquarters in Bujumbura, Burundi, appointed in 2006. As Executive Secretary, she has advanced the ICGLR as an institution for peace, stability, and development; enabled dialogue; and helped minimize challenges to stability in the region.
A career diplomat, Ambassador Liberata Mulamula joined the Tanzania Ministry of Foreign Affairs in 1981. She served in various capacities at the Permanent Mission of Tanzania to the United Nations (1985-1992 and 2002-2003) and the Tanzania High Commission to Canada, 1999-2002. From 2003 to 2006 she was Ambassador and Director of Multilateral Cooperation Department of the Tanzania Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation.
B. Lynn Pascoe
B. Lynn Pascoe of the United States assumed the post of Under-Secretary-General for Political Affairs in 2007. Before joining the United Nations, Mr. Pascoe was US Ambassador to the Republic of Indonesia (2004â€“2007). He previously served as Deputy Assistant Secretary of State in the Bureau of European and Eurasian Affairs at the State Department in Washington, DC, following postings as US Ambassador to Malaysia and US Special Negotiator for Regional Conflicts in the former Soviet Union. In 1996, Mr. Pascoe served at the United Nations as a Special Advisor to the US Permanent Mission to the UN. He also served as the Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary in the East Asian and Pacific Bureau of the State Department, Deputy Chief of Mission at the U.S. Embassy in Beijing, Deputy Executive Secretary of the Department of State, and Special Assistant to the Deputy Secretary of State.
Amb Knut Vollebaek
Knut Vollebaek has served as the High Commissioner on National Minorities of the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) since 2007.
Ambassador Vollebaek has served two terms in government, as State Secretary (Deputy Minister) (1989-1990) and Minister for Foreign Affairs (1997-2000).
Ambassador Vollebaek joined the Norwegian Foreign Service in 1973, and has been posted to India, Spain, and Zimbabwe. He has served as Ambassador of Norway to the Central American States (1991-1993) and the United States (2001-2007).
Ambassador Vollebaek holds an M.Sc. from the Norwegian School of Economics and Business Administration and studied political science at the University of California, Santa Barbara.
United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon recently announced the appointment of Jennifer Welsh of Canada as his Special Adviser at the Assistant Secretary-General level.
Ms. Welsh will work under the overall guidance of Mr. Adama Dieng, the Secretary-General’s Special Adviser on the Prevention of Genocide, to further the conceptual, political, institutional and operational development of the responsibility to protect concept, as set out by the General Assembly in paragraphs 138 and 139 of the 2005 World Summit Outcome document.
Ms. Welsh is currently Professor of International Relations and Co-Director of the Oxford Institute for Ethics, Law and Armed Conflict at the University of Oxford. Her research projects include the evolution of the “responsibility to protect” in international society, the ethics of post-conflict reconstruction, the authority of the United Nations Security Council and the notion of sovereignty.
Ms. Welsh was previously Associate Director for the Peace and Conflict Studies Programme at the University of Toronto, Cadieux Research Fellow in the policy planning staff of the Canadian Department of Foreign Affairs and Jean Monnet Fellow of the European University Institute. She has also taught international relations at McGill University and at the Central European University and published widely on the responsibility to protect and atrocity prevention. She has worked as a consultant to the Government of Canada on international policy and has been a frequent commentator in the Canadian media on foreign policy and international relations.
Ms. Welsh has a Masters and Doctorate from the University of Oxford, where she studied as a Rhodes Scholar, and an Honours Bachelors of Arts from the University of Saskatchewan, Canada.
Born in Regina, Saskatchewan, Ms. Welsh is married and has two children.
Abdel-Elah Al-Khatib, Special Envoy of the U.N. Secretary-General for Libya, recalls that the U.N. was compelled to abandon its stance of neutrality in Libya because the population feared reprisal from the Qaddafi regime.