Historian Christopher Heaney relates how 100 years ago Hiram Bingham stepped into the astounding ruins of Machu Picchu, the lost city of the Incas.
Christopher Heaney is a writer and Harrington Doctoral Fellow in the
History Graduate program at the University of Texas at Austin. The son
of an Australian nurse and an American anthropologist, he was born in
Perth, West Australia. He grew up in New Jersey, however, spending his
weekends in New York at the American Museum of Natural History, and his
weekdays playing trombone. After graduating from Yale University with a
B.A. in Latin American Studies, he worked in journalism for several
years, including a life-changing stint at the oral history project StoryCorps.
Machu Picchu.Mayes/FPGAncient fortress city of the Incas in the Andes Mountains, south-central Peru. Perched near Cuzco in a narrow saddle between two sharp peaks, at an elevation of 7,710 ft (2,350 m), it escaped detection by the Spaniards, and its existence was made known only in 1911 by U.S. explorer Hiram Bingham. One of the few pre-Columbian urban centres found nearly intact, it is about 5 sq mi (13 sq km) in area and includes a temple and a citadel. The period of occupancy is uncertain. Made a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1983, it is a popular tourist attraction.
Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc.Country, western South America. Area: 496,218 sq mi (1,285,198 sq km). Population (2009 est.): 28,887,000. Capital: Lima. Almost half of the people are Quechua; nearly one-third are mestizos; and most of the remainder are Aymara and people of European ancestry. Languages: Spanish, Quechua, Aymara (all official). Religion: Christianity (predominantly Roman Catholic; also Protestant). Currency: nuevo sol. Peru is the third largest country in South America and may be divided into three geographic regions from west to east: the Costa (coast), which consists of a long, narrow belt of desert lowlands; the Sierra (highlands), which is the Peruvian portion of the Andes Mountains; and Amazonia, the vast forested eastern foothills and plains, consisting mainly of the tropical rainforests of the Amazon River basin. Peru has a developing mixed economy based largely on services, manufacturing, agriculture, and mining. Most industries, including the petroleum industry, were nationalized in the late 1960s and early '70s, but many were privatized again in the 1990s. Peru is a unitary multiparty republic with one legislative house; its head of state and government is the president. Peru was the centre of the Inca empire, whose capital, Cuzco, was established in the 11th or 12th century. In 1533 the region was conquered by Spanish adventurer Francisco Pizarro, and it thereafter was dominated by Spain for almost 300 years as the Viceroyalty of Peru. It declared its independence in 1821, and freedom was achieved in 1824. Peru was defeated by Chile in the War of the Pacific (187983). In 1941 a boundary dispute with Ecuador erupted into war, which gave Peru control over a larger part of the Amazon basin; further disputes ensued until the border was demarcated again in 1998. The government was overthrown by a military junta in 1968; civilian rule was restored in 1980. The government of Alberto Fujimori dissolved the legislature in 1992 and promulgated a new constitution the following year. The government later successfully combated the Shining Path and Tupac Amaru rebel movements. Fujimori won a second term in 1995, but charges of fraud accompanied his election to a third term in 2000; his government crumbled later that year. Fujimori was succeeded by Alejandro Toledo (200106), Peru's first democratically elected president of Quechuan ethnicity.
I am desperate need to know the name of the group playing the back ground music for the discussion on cradle of gold: Hiram bingham and machu picchu
thanking you in advance