National Geographic Fellow Mattias Klum has a special passion for Borneo, where he has spent 20 years producing magazine articles, books, and films. Don’t miss this powerful and disturbing vision of what might be the Borneo rain forest’s last stand.
Mattias Klum was born in Uppsala, Sweden, in 1968. He started taking
pictures as a teenager, and since 1986 he has worked full-time as a
freelance photographer. In an artistic way that is entirely his own,
Klum has described and portrayed animals, plants, and natural and
cultural settings in the form of articles, books, ﬁlms, and exhibitions.
coveted lecturer worldwide, Klum's work has been published in a large
number of international magazines, such as National Geographic, Wildlife
Conservation, Audubon, GEO, Terre Sauvage, Stern, Der Spiegel, and the
New York Times.
In 1997 National Geographic magazine published
Klum's photos for the ﬁrst time and he became the first Swede to have
his work on the magazine's cover. One of its youngest ever contributors,
he has had his photos in a number of National Geographic articles and
on eight covers.
Island, Malay Archipelago. Bounded by the South China Sea, the Sulu and Celebes seas, the Makassar Strait, and the Java Sea, it is the third largest island in the world, measuring about 292,000 sq mi (755,000 sq km). The northern part includes the Malaysian states of Sabah and Sarawak and the sultanate of Brunei; the southern section (Kalimantan) forms part of Indonesia. Borneo is mountainous and largely covered in dense rainforest; its highest point is Mount Kinabalu, at 13,455 ft (4,101 m). Much of it is drained by navigable rivers, including the Rajang, which are the principal lifelines of trade and commerce. It is mentioned in Ptolemy's Guide to Geography (c.AD 150); Roman trade beads give evidence of an earlier civilization. Brahman and Buddhist images in the Gupta style indicate the influence of Indians who apparently arrived in the 5th century. With the arrival of Islam in the 16th century, various Muslim kingdoms were founded, some of which owed allegiance to Java. Around the same time, the Portuguese, followed by the Spanish, set up trading stations. In the early 17th century the Dutch broke the Portuguese-Spanish monopoly, but they in turn had to deal with newly established British interests. After World War II, Sarawak and North Borneo (later Sabah) became British crown colonies. Strong nationalist sentiment emerged in Dutch Borneo, and sovereignty passed to Indonesia in 1949. The British relinquished Sabah and Sarawak to the Malaysian federation in 1963, while Brunei became independent in 1984.