This event is the second part of a two-part discussion featuring Bay Area architect and planner Peter Calthorpe, author of Sustainable Communities and Urbanism in the Age of Climate Change, discusses the aspects of a livable city. Presented in partnership with Island Press.
Peter Calthorpe has practiced architecture since 1972 and founded Calthorpe Associates in 1983. After attending Antioch College, he studied architecture at Yale University. Calthorpe has lectured widely throughout the United States, Europe, Australia and South America and has taught at the University of California at Berkeley, University of Washington, University of Oregon and University of North Carolina.
Calthorpe is the co-author of Sustainable Communities and author of The Next American Metropolis. He has received numerous honors and awards and has been cited by Newsweek as one of 25 "innovators on the cutting edge."
Architect and urban planner Peter Calthorpe visualizes humanity's ecological footprint by examining the demand we make of the planet in terms of land area. He shows that by representing data in terms of land area, it's easy to see that humans "are now demanding more of the planet than the planet has to give."
Programs pursued as a means of improving the urban environment and achieving certain social and economic objectives. Evidence of urban planning can be found in the ruins of ancient cities, including orderly street systems and conduits for water and sewage. During the Renaissance, European city areas were consciously planned to achieve circulation of the populace and provide fortification against invasion. Such concepts were exported to the New World, where William Penn, in founding the city of Philadelphia, developed the standard gridiron planthe laying out of streets and plots of land adaptable to rapid change in land use. Modern urban planning and redevelopment arose in response to the disorder and squalor of the slums created by the Industrial Revolution. The urban planner best known for his transformation of Paris was Georges-Eugène Haussmann. City planners imposed regulatory laws establishing standards for housing, sanitation, water supply, sewage, and public health conditions, and introduced parks and playgrounds into congested city neighbourhoods. In the 20th century, zoningthe regulation of building activity according to use and locationcame to be a key tool for city planners. See alsoPierre-Charles L'Enfant.
So why not just increase the tax on fuel? An eco-tax? With the price signal people could then choose to either move location, or buy a more efficient car, or other. How effecient can cars be? Take a look at the X-tracer . It uses 5% of the fuel of an average car today and can be all-electric. Vastly more energy efficient than both cars as we know them AND public transport.
But no. This guy, like all his ilk, would rather use carbon commission's as an excuse to FORCE people into high-density cities, whether they like it or not. That's what Metropolitan Urban Limits (MUL's) facilitate. He will NEVER tell you about the X-tracer (and other).
Also, there is no broad evidence to suggest that high-density cities are more energy-efficient than low-density cities. In an urban context, it's actually more about stop-and-go than distance. He won't tell you that, either. And nor will he tell you that urbanization in the USA is only about 3-5% of the land area, depending on how you measure. The human footprint has far more to do with farms, namely meat consumption
I could go on and on. But believe me, there is another side to this story.
What it boils down to is "How do you justify forcing people into a compact city, for whether they want to live like that or not"? That is and has always been the real question.
You can't justify forced intensification on lifestyle, because how you live is nobody's business but your own. But you can justify it on environmental grounds - that is, if there is in fact a serious environemtnal advantage for forced-intensification ahead of other alternatives.
Want to hear some real facts? The facts that Smart Growth advocates never volunteer? Please check out this .