This lecture will give us a glimpse of science at the frontier of our understanding, where physicists and biologists are collaborating -- and debating -- in an effort to tame the complexity of life. William Bialek is the John Archibald Wheeler/Battelle Professor in Physics at Princeton University and Visiting Presidential Professor of Physics at the Graduate Center of the City University of New York, where he leads the Initiative for the Theoretical Sciences. He is a leading figure in the growing effort to bring the beautiful phenomena of life under the powerful predictive umbrella of theoretical physics.
William Bialek is the John Archibald Wheeler/Battelle Professor in Physics, Associate Director of the Lewis-Sigler Institute for Integrative Genomics, and a Faculty Fellow in the Princeton Center for Theoretical Science, all at Princeton University.
In addition, he serves as Visiting Presidential Professor of Physics at the Graduate Center, City University of New York, where he is helping to launch an Initiative for the Theoretical Sciences.
William Bialek, Professor of Physics at Princeton University, discusses why he holds out hope for a mathematical model for the theory of evolution. He explains that while there is consensus that biology obeys the laws of physics, it has yet to be proven that evolutionary trends can be predicted mathematically.
Biological theory that animals and plants have their origin in other preexisting types and that the distinguishable differences are due to modifications in successive generations. It is one of the keystones of modern biological theory. In 1858 Charles Darwin and Alfred Russel Wallace jointly published a paper on evolution. The next year Darwin presented his major treatise On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection, which revolutionized all later biological study. The heart of Darwinian evolution is the mechanism of natural selection. Surviving individuals, which vary (seevariation) in some way that enables them to live longer and reproduce, pass on their advantage to succeeding generations. In 1937 Theodosius Dobzhansky applied Mendelian genetics (seeGregor Mendel) to Darwinian theory, contributing to a new understanding of evolution as the cumulative action of natural selection on small genetic variations in whole populations. Part of the proof of evolution is in the fossil record, which shows a succession of gradually changing forms leading up to those known today. Structural similarities and similarities in embryonic development among living forms also point to common ancestry. Molecular biology (especially the study of genes and proteins) provides the most detailed evidence of evolutionary change. Though the theory of evolution is accepted by nearly the entire scientific community, it has sparked much controversy from Darwin's time to the present; many of the objections have come from religious leaders and thinkers (seecreationism) who believe that elements of the theory conflict with literal interpretations of the Bible. See alsoHugo de Vries, Ernst Haeckel, human evolution, Ernst Mayr, parallel evolution, phylogeny, sociocultural evolution, speciation.
We are surrounded by Duality.
A central concept of Quantum Theory is wave–particle duality.
The Universe as whole is Two - Measured World:
one Reference Frame is the Matter World
and another Reference Frame is the Vacuum World.
It is possible to say that we are surrounded by Double Universe.
Our brain works on dualistic basis:
usually as a logical consciousness and
rarely as an unconsciousness.
It means the interaction between billions and billions neurons
can be in two states:
a) In the state of consciousness ( C)
b)or in the state of unconsciousness ( U).
The question is:
How can the information ( or quantum of information ) transfer
( or be transferred) from the state C to the state U and vice versa ?
Isn’t this question similar to the puzzle of quantum tunneling ?
The elementary particles, the Universe, the brain –
all they have dualistic basis.
And until now the dualistic phenomena has no solution.
"... indeed an understanding of psi phenomena and of
consciousness must provide the basis of an improved
understanding of quantum mechanics."
/ Evan Walker /
‘ The old philosophical question:
Does only the brain create Consciousness ?
Some scientists are not sure .’
/ Book ‘The Holographic Universe.’ by Michael Talbot. /
Daniel Shechtman who won the 2011 Nobel Prize
in chemistry for quasi crystals, having spent much of his
career being vilified and exiled as a crank
“I was thrown out of my research group.
They said I brought shame on them with what I was saying.”
Israel Sadovnik Socratus.
Optimised Design at the edge of Physical and computational possibility. How could evolution have got it there when it wouldn't have worked until being optimised. I can no longer swallow evolution as the design mechanism.