Viruses, spyware, spam, phishing, zombie machines. Several years ago, we might have thought of these as just a nuisance, and their perpetrators as mostly underemployed kids. Today, cybercrime is worth billions of dollars to loosely organized networks of criminals that prey on individuals, businesses and governments with malicious or profit-seeking intent. What are some of the current threats, and how is industry responding to them? What new threats might we expect in the coming years? Is the Internet's health partly a result of misaligned incentives, where those who cause the damage don't bear its costs? How can we change that? What more should industry, government and individuals be doing to protect the network and, ultimately, ourselves?
Vinton G. Cerf
Vint Cerf is a living legend in the tech world. In 2004, with Robert Kahn, he received the Alan M. Turing Award, the highest professional honor in computing, in recognition of their visionary
work and leadership in the development of the Internet. Other honors, again with Robert Kahn, include the US National Medal of Technology, the Japan Prize, and the Presidential Medal of
Freedom. He was the founding president of the Internet Society and served as chairman of the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers from 2000 to 2007.
Before joining Google in 2005, Cerf was a senior vice presidentat MCI and a vice president of the Corporation for National Research Initiatives. He began his career at IBM and UCLA. He joined the faculty of Stanford University where he co-designed the TCP/IP protocols and network architecture of the Internet. From 1976 to 1982, he was a principal scientist at DARPA, where he managed the Internet and packet communications research programs. He joined MCI in 1982, where he helped develop the commercial MCI Mail service. Cerf has been elected a member of the National Academy of Engineering and a fellow of the IEEE, the American Association for the Advancement of Science, the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and the International
Esther Dyson is an active investor in a variety of start-ups, focusing on technology. Her portfolio of private space and air travel investments includes XCOR Aerospace, Space Adventures/Zero G, Icon Aircraft, Coastal Aviation Software and Airship Ventures. She has flown weightless on Zero-G four times, but hopes to go up again soon.
She is also the organizer of Flight School, an executive workshop for start-ups in air and space. It's in hiatus for 2008, but will resume in 2009.
On the IT side, her investments have included Flickr and del.icio.us, both sold to Yahoo! and Medstory, sold to Microsoft. Currently, she sits on the boards of 23andMe, Meetup, WPP Group, Eventful.com, Evernote, Boxbe and Yandex, the leading Russian search company.
Dyson sold her business EDventure Holdings, along with its Release1.0 newsletter and PC Forum conference, to CNET Networks in 2004; PC Forum and Release 1.0 played key roles in the early development of the PC software marketplace and the commercial Internet. Dyson left CNET at the end of 2006 and (with permission) has resumed doing business under the name of EDventure Holdings.
Bruce McConnell has been Counselor to the Deputy Under Secretary for National Protection and Programs Directorate of the Department of Homeland Security since June 2009.
Paul Mockapetris, the inventor of the Domain Name System (DNS), is Chief Scientist and Chairman of the Board at Nominum, Inc. His mission is to help guide DNS and IP addressing to the next stage.
Mockapetris created DNS in the 1980s at USC's Information Sciences Institute, where he was later the Director of ISI's High Performance Computing and Communications Division.
Address of a computer, organization, or other entity on a TCP/IP network such as the Internet. Domain names are typically in a three-level server.organization.type format. The top level denotes the type of organization, such as com (for commercial sites) or edu (for educational sites); the second level is the top level plus the name of the organization (e.g., britannica.com for Encyclopædia Britannica); and the third level identifies a specific host server at the address, such as the www (World Wide Web) host server for www.britannica.com. A domain name is ultimately mapped to an IP address, but two or more domain names can be mapped to the same IP address. A domain name must be unique on the Internet, and must be assigned by a registrar accredited by the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN). See alsoURL.
Standard Internet communications protocols that allow digital computers to communicate over long distances. The Internet is a packet-switched network, in which information is broken down into small packets, sent individually over many different routes at the same time, and then reassembled at the receiving end. TCP is the component that collects and reassembles the packets of data, while IP is responsible for making sure the packets are sent to the right destination. TCP/IP was developed in the 1970s and adopted as the protocol standard for ARPANET (the predecessor to the Internet) in 1983.