Victoria Stodden, Jason Hoyt, Cameron Neylon and Peter Murray-Rust answer questions from the audience during the opening session of the 2010 Open Science Summit.
The objectives of the Open Science Summit are to create an annual flagship event and news hub to build and maintain the identity of the international Open Science Movement and organize the various sub-communities into an effective, global, socio-technological force for rapid change in science/innovation policy.
Jason Hoyt is Vice-President, Research & Development and Chief Scientist at Mendeley. He holds a PhD in Genetics from Stanford University where he was awarded the Ruth L. Kirschstein NIH predoctoral fellowship from 2002-2007.
Peter Murray-Rust is a contemporary chemist. He was educated at Bootham School and Balliol College. After obtaining a D.Phil he became lecturer in chemistry at the (new) University of Stirling and was first warden of Andrew Stewart Hall of Residence. In 1982 he moved to Glaxo Group Research at Greenford to head Molecular Graphics, Computational Chemistry and later protein structure determination. He was Professor of Pharmacy in the University of Nottingham from 1996-2000, setting up the Virtual School of Molecular Sciences. He is now Reader in Molecular Informatics at the University of Cambridge and Senior Research Fellow of Churchill College.
His interests have involved the automated analysis of data in scientific publications, creation of virtual communities e.g. The Virtual School of Natural Sciences in the Globewide Network Academy and the Semantic Web. With Henry Rzepa he has extended this to chemistry through the development of Markup languages, especially Chemical Markup Language. He campaigns for Open Data, particularly in science, and is on the advisory board of the Open Knowledge Foundation. Together with a few other chemists he was a founder member of the Blue Obelisk movement in 2005.
In 2002, Peter Murray-Rust and his colleagues proposed an electronic repository for unpublished chemical data called the WorldWide Molecular Matrix (WWMM).
Cameron Neylon works at the the Science and Technology Facilities Council, the UK's major provider and supporter of large scale academic research facilities, including synchrotrons, neutron sources, and high powered lasers. He writes a blog called Science in the Open.
Victoria Stodden is a Postdoctoral Associate in Law and Kauffman Fellow in Law at the Information Society Project at Yale Law School. She is a Fellow at Science Commons, and was formerly a Postdoctoral Fellow at M.I.T. Sloan School of Management, and a Research Fellow at the Berkman Center for Internet and Society at Harvard Law School. Dr. Stodden's work focuses on open innovation in scientific research and developing practical methods to facilitate sharing of scientific knowledge. She obtained her Ph.D in statistics from Stanford University, then completed her M.L.S. from Stanford Law School while teaching Empirical Legal Analysis and Statistical Inference as a Lecturer in Law.
During the opening session of the 2010 Open Science Summit, Victoria Stodden, Cameron Neylon, and Peter Murray-Rust share obstacles that intellectual property and patent concerns create during scientific research.
Achievements in science, technologies, and art of are fruits of the collective efforts of the human race over the time. The advance in these activities is possible only if it is based on the existing, accumulated experience - knowledge. Science and technologies were relatively accessible, open, through the human history. Only since the capitalist society they became more and more closed and inaccessible. This is because the capitalists are obsessed with their profiting and want to extract more of it. As result, we have the unnatural and retrograde idea of “intellectual property.” This must be abolished.