In a now famous 1997 Columbia Journalism Review article, James Hoge argued that the United States perceives the world beyond its borders as largely irrelevant. He argues that unless there is a serious crisis or war, or an international event directly relates to American interests, the nation and its media pay no attention. In this conversation, Hoge discusses changes in the media as well as within the fields of international affairs and foreign policy over the last decade.
James Hoge is editor of Foreign Affairs, a bi-monthly magazine of analysis and commentary on international affairs and U.S. foreign policy. Prior to joining Foreign Affairs in 1992, he worked in journalism for three decades as a Washington correspondent, editor and publisher of the Chicago Sun-Times, and as publisher and president of the New York Daily News. He has been a fellow at Harvard's John F. Kennedy School of Government, the Freedom Forum Media Center at Columbia University, and the American Political Science Association's Congressional Fellowship Program. He is chairman of the International Center for Journalists, a director of Human Rights Watch, and a director of the Center for Global Affairs at New York University. Sponsored by the graduate program in International Affairs.
James F. Hoge Jr.
James Hoge spent three decades in newspaper journalism, serving as a Washington correspondent, editor in chief and publisher of the Chicago Sun-Times, and then publisher and president of the New York Daily News.
Under his leadership, the Chicago Sun-Times won six Pulitzer Prizes for journalistic excellence and the New York Daily News won one. He became editor of Foreign Affairs in 1992.
Sean Jacobs, a native of Cape Town, South Africa, holds a Ph.D. in Politics from the University of London and a M.A. in Political Science from Northwestern University.
He is working on a book on the intersection of mass media, globalization and liberal democracy in postapartheid South Africa. He is co-editor of Thabo Mbeki's World: The Politics and Ideology of the South African President (Zed Books, 2002) and two other books. His most recent scholarly articles have appeared in Politique Africaine (2006) and Media, Culture, and Society (2007). He is a regular contributor to the Guardian's Comment is Free site.
Previously he taught African Studies as well as communication studies at the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor.
He worked as a political researcher for the Institute for Democracy in South Africa.
Nina L. Khrushcheva
Nina L. Khrushcheva is Associate Professor in the Graduate Program of International Affairs at The New School and senior fellow of the World Policy Institute.
She is also an editor of and a contributor to Project Syndicate: Association of Newspapers Around the World. After receiving her Ph.D. from Princeton University, she had a two-year appointment as a research fellow at the School of Historical Studies of the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton and then served as Deputy Editor of East European Constitutional Review at the NYU School of Law. She is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations.
Dr. Khrushcheva's articles have appeared in The Los Angeles Times, The Washington Post, The New York Times, The Wall Street Journal, The International Herald Tribune, The Financial Times, and other publications. She is the author of Imagining Nabokov: Russia Between Art and Politics, and is currently working on a new book project, Russia's Gulag of the Mind.
Study of the relations of states with each other and with international organizations and certain subnational entities (e.g., bureaucracies and political parties). It is related to a number of other academic disciplines, including political science, geography, history, economics, law, sociology, psychology, and philosophy. The field emerged at the beginning of the 20th century largely in the West and particularly in the U.S. as that country grew in power and influence. The study of international relations has always been heavily influenced by normative considerations, such as the goal of reducing armed conflict and increasing international cooperation. At the beginning of the 21st century, research focused on issues such as terrorism, religious and ethnic conflict, the emergence of substate and nonstate entities, the spread of weapons of mass destruction and efforts to counter nuclear proliferation, and the development of international institutions.
In the Globle World socio-cultural system there is no past and no future, only NOW. This is unfortunate, because without context the NOW is meaningless. Hoge, I think has put his finger on an already known fact, globalization promotes alienation. Events have no context, and people find that there is no spiritual anchor in the NOW, so they look for it in an idealized past or Utopian future.
When Africa discovered after the European World Wars that Europeans were not "superior", the nationalist, nativist, and fundamentalist movements emerged. In time, these movements expelled the Eurpoeans. In their place, artifical states were created and recognized by the UN. The former colonial subjects have had to adjust to the change.
Today, nothing has changed in this ongoing struggle between past and future except that the scale of integration and disintegration is expanding.
In place of European/western hegemony, the forces seeking greater and lesser integration have been released on a global scale. The boundaries between the new social order and the old traditional orders are not yet clearly drawn. Tribal and linguistic boundaries cross and overlap the boundaries of nation state. Generations are isolated not only by age, but also by geography, language and culture.
The alienation of the post WWI European has become the post Cold War alienation found in today's global citizen.
No new news from James,
I have read many of his articles the last 8 years.
The USA military is building the "Beast Grid" total planetary under military watch, Africom most recently
Yes America wants to rule militarily, and China wants to rule through economy, Hard to buy something that is not made or assembled in China. unless you buy a GUN!
Muslims want to dominate through Islam-Koran, religion, and they love violence, the tool, knowing others are afraid. Islam is a Fear based society where 1/2 the population women are abused and kept as slaves.
This is the root of Middle east problem, free Muslim woman, free yourselves. Trillions of dollars, spent on unnecessary wars,
while at home Unemployment over 20%, 7 million homeless, the tax payers money is needed at home, Charity begins at home!
Why does America support 700 bases in 110 countries, whats that for!?!
America heal yourself.
James is not facing up to the Muslim agenda for the world.
Muslims are not victims, as the media shows,
they will kill anyone anywhere for Allah. Ft. Hood screaming Allah Akbar killing Our soldiers.
Wake up America your being Stalked by Islam.
Killing gets you to paradise, makes it easy to kill.Exactly 1000 years ago, Muslims and Christians killing each other, in Jerusalem for paradise or Papal heaven, so killing gets you salvation. A worship in a life hereafter abuses the Now/present. For me it is a shame that Judiasm gave birth to Christianity and Islam, and all they do is kill after the Jew,
like killing your grandparents in their own home
THIS IS HUMANITIES training for thousands of years.
The RABBI on THE CROSS, Bad habits are hard to break,
Crusades,400 years Inquisition 1680 to 1820
115 years later-Holocaust and the cycle begins again in the middle east over Jerusalem, Solomons Temple mount, The city of KING DAVID, 3200 years ago. Since 1948 Israel attacked every 7 years by Muslim countries. Jewish year 5770 years of history and only 14 million Jews world-wide, killed off every hundred years .... shameful. Thanks ForaTV, for allowing me to express my thoughts.
While it might be true that globalization causes the increase in fundamentalism, it doesn't follow logically from that that the fundamentalism of different religions are of equivalent danger.
Many people who study Islam find it hard to say that there is a moderate version of Islam. It might be more exact to say that there are nominal Muslims and there are those who practice the teachings -- including the military/political teachings -- of the Quran "religiously".
If globalization has reactivated Islam, considering the clear teachings of the Quran, which are not really open to spectrums of interpretation, and the history of Islam, we have a lot more to be concerned about than if some Hindus become nationalistic or some Christians march against abortionists.
At my point of view fundamentalism in Muslim countries is in general a reaction to the western cultural influence. Values of the western culture are closer to the nature more universal and that is why as agressive as hot vinegar poured out on old stones of the mosque.
I think the resurgence of fundamentalism is primarily a symptom of the "Culture War" between religious conservatives and accelerating changes in science, technology, and social norms. Religious conservatives are usually very authoritarian and resist any change.
Conservative Muslims are especially angry about the liberation of women, which is a symptom of Western influence.
Globalization is not the primary cause of fundamentalism, but is certainly speeding up and intensifying cultural change.