Because international law itself is a living and ever-changing phenomenon, international legal education, while starting in law schools, must continue in accessible form in many settings around the globe. After a key-note address by President Higgins, drawing on her rich experience as a leading scholar, teacher, advocate and international judge, there will be a presentation of the United Nations Audiovisual Library of International Law, the first virtual international law training and research center, highlighting its unique potential for contributing to international legal education.
Introduction: Mahnoush H. Arsanjani, former Director, Codification Division of the United Nations Office of Legal Affairs
Speaker: Rosalyn Higgins, Former President of the International Court of Justice
Presentation of the UN Audiovisual Library of International Law: Deirdre O. Schell, Legal Officer, Codification Division of the United Nations Office of Legal Affairs
Mahnoush H. Arsanjani
Mahnoush H. Arsanjani is former Director of the Codification Division of the United Nations Office of Legal Affairs.
Dame Rosalyn Higgins
Rosalyn Higgins is the former President of the International Court of Justice.
Higgins was the first female judge to be appointed to the ICJ and was elected President in 2006.
Deirdre O. Schell
Deirdre O. Schell is a legal officer at the Codification Division of the United Nations Office of Legal Affairs.
Rosalyn Higgins, former president of the International Court of Justice, argues against applying cultural relativism to international law. She considers the basic human needs of food, shelter, and freedom of speech, among others, to be independent of "culture, religion, or stage of economic development" because they "flow from the human condition."
Body of legal rules, norms, and standards that apply between sovereign states and other entities that are legally recognized as international actors. The term was coined by the English philosopher Jeremy Bentham. Important elements of international law include sovereignty, recognition (which allows a country to honour the claims of another), consent (which allows for modifications in international agreements to fit the customs of a country), freedom of the high seas, self-defense (which ensures that measures may be taken against illegal acts committed against a sovereign country), freedom of commerce, and protection of nationals abroad. International courts, such as the International Court of Justice, resolve disputes on these and other matters, including war crimes. See alsoasylum; immunity.