The man who played a crucial role in crafting American policy over the last four decades returns to the spotlight for a candid discussion of the ethical concerns that must guide U.S. foreign policy. A Republican Party powerhouse player since the 1970s, James A. Baker III served at top levels of government, including stints as chief of staff in the Reagan and George H.W. Bush White Houses, and as President Reagan's treasury secretary and George H.W. Bush's secretary of state. Since leaving these roles he's stayed active in politics, acting as advisor to President George W. Bush and being tapped for the co-chair position in the Iraq Study Group.
Secretary Baker draws on the lessons of his extraordinary career in a hard-hitting exploration of what the United States must do in order to develop an effective and secure foreign policy.
James A. Baker III
James A. Baker III served as the nation's 61st secretary of state, from January 1989 through August 1992, under President George H.W. Bush. Secretary Baker served as White House chief of staff to President Reagan from 1981 to 1985 and as under secretary of commerce to President Gerald Ford beginning in 1975.
He currently co-chairs the Iraq Study Group, a panel of prominent former officials charged by members of Congress with taking a fresh look at America's policy on Iraq, with former Democratic Representative Lee H. Hamilton.
General objectives that guide the activities and relationships of one state in its interactions with other states. The development of foreign policy is influenced by domestic considerations, the policies or behaviour of other states, or plans to advance specific geopolitical designs. Leopold von Ranke emphasized the primacy of geography and external threats in shaping foreign policy, but later writers emphasized domestic factors. Diplomacy is the tool of foreign policy, and war, alliances, and international trade may all be manifestations of it.
Ethical imperative, 700 bases 110 countries, a little over kill. America needs the world! quite a statement, USA set that up to be the Military watch dog ever since Hiroshima. WE NEED THE WORLD! America has pushed themselves on Nations in trouble to take over, like Haiti and Nicaragua, Honduras, Chile Cuba! Corporation Dictatorship The Military Industrial Complex, has lost its luster with drone attacks, torture methods, trillion dollars spent on unnecessary wars. We destroyed Japan, at the cost of the taxpayer and after we use the taxpayers money to rebuild Germany and Japan. America spends too much money nursing nations that HATE FREEDOM! Millions goes to Egypt, Turkey, King Omar Kadaffi got a new weapons deal from OBAMA. America attracts its own problems! Selling arms to Everyone and like the Taliban uses American weapons killing Americans, laughingly Muslim world loves that! A form of justice, killing you with your own weapon. Einstein said You can not solve a problem with the same mind you created the problem. Baker is the same mind that created this Illusion of Empire. Foreign policy was and is, Never let a disaster go to waste.Milton Freedman. The money that goes to Israel is tagged spoken for. The Americans get back Intelligence, Military technology, Agriculture Oranges in the desert, remember.There is a exchange its not CHARITY. USA gives nothing away for free! Egypt gets almost as much as Israel, Who is complaining! Iraq has suicide deaths daily and there will be a civil war between the Sunnis and The rest.Saudi and Jordon support Sunni, Iran support Shiites, Turkey supports Iran, So Iraq is still torn apart, Kurds want some of Iraq and Turkey, 35 million people with no country. Turkey is ready to kill them all-Kurds. Taliban drags the USA into Pakistan and Yemen, and from there Somalia ,Ethiopia. Information age is a double edged sword.Loss of privacy, loss of Principles, Drones covers technology and morality, How about the sanity of our soldiers home coming, becomes a horror show. What you do to others you do to yourself! Its TIME to See yourself in others then whom can you harm, be harmless! Thank you Foratv!
I would like to see a more focused America. Our influence is only beneficial if those we influence take the ball and run with it and create sustainable prosperity and justice for their own people and the nations around them. I would prefer that we not be the 911 force of the world. There is a problem, however. Other nations do not seem willing to respond to problems around the globe. I was stunned at the relative inaction of European nations during the many conflicts that have occured there - Bosnia, Kosovo, Georgia. The big question is, should any nation insert itself into the geopolitical conflicts outside of their borders at all? Should anyone intervene in Darfur? Under what circumstances and by what principles - moral, legal, ethical and dare I say, religious - should the decision to intervene be based upon? Do nations still care about problems outside their borders enough to get involved? Do nations have the money to get involved? Is the United Nations useful any longer? Should free nations belong to and support an organization with the purpose of assisting tyrannies that are also member states?
If the decision was mine, I would make a few changes to the Unites States' role in the world, although I must admit, that the possible unintended consequences may be grave for other nations. I would close almost all military bases in Europe and expect European nations to defend themselves. I would leave Korea and expect South Korea and other Asian nations to stand against North Korea and moderate their own conflicts.
I would end almost all foreign aid, particularly with any nation that is not free and friendly to the United States.
I would focus on American influence being based on our principles as they are lived at home and the way in which we deal with other nations diplomatically.
These are all admittedly Polyannish steps, but America is stretched, broke and divided at home because of what I see as an over ambitious, unsustainable stance abroad. Our defense, implied and actual, of Europe essentially subsidises their welfare states. It makes no sense. They have been able to push their fiscal problems into the future because Spain, Greece and other European nations know that if the shit hit the fan, The United States would defend them. By expecting all nations to provide for their defense and other essential national responsibilities is an essential part of building solid, independent partners.
I am for free trade, free people and making the lives of tyrannies as difficult as possible through tough diplomacy. I would like to see non-democratic nations removed from the United Nations. If each member nation has the same vote in the General Assembly, then the financial obligations to the UN should be identical.
Lastly, I am longing for the day when these ageing "Cold Warriors" not be the "go to" consultants when problems occur in the world.
Watch Commonwealth Club of California
Unlimited access to all programs
Watch America's Involvement in the World: James A. Baker