Photographer and activist Chakarova puts a face on global sex trafficking through "The Price of Sex," a project done in collaboration with the Center for Investigative Reporting.
Chakarova's momentum: "What inspires me to do this work is that knowing is better than not knowing; otherwise we're left in the dark on matters that need immediate change."
Melissa Bradley-Burns is a Senior Strategist for Green For All. Her primary role is leading the Capital Access Program - working to provide human, social and financial capital to entrepreneurs and businesses in an effort to create, scale and sustain green jobs.
Bradley-Burns currently serves as an Advisor to Renewal 2 Investment Fund and holds board positions with Georgetown University Board of Governors, Green America, the Tides Network and the Tides Foundation. Bradley-Burns holds a Bachelor of Science degree in Finance from Georgetown University and a Master's in Business Administration in Marketing from American University.
Mimi Chakarova has had numerous solo exhibitions of her documentary photography of South Africa, Jamaica, Cuba, Kashmir, and Eastern Europe. Capitalism, God, And A Good Cigar: Cuba Enters The Twenty-first Century, published by Duke University Press in 2005, features over 75 of Chakarova's photos of Cuba; and she is currently working on two long-term projects that examine the conflict in Kashmir and sex trafficking of women in Eastern Europe.
She teaches photography at UC Berkeley's Graduate School of Journalism, has taught at Stanford University, and lectures widely on sex trafficking and photo journalism, She is the recipient of the 2003 Dorothea Lange Fellowship for outstanding work in documentary photography and the 2005 Magnum Photos Inge Morath Award.
She is the series curator of FRONTLINE/World's FlashPoint, featuring the work of photographers from around the world. Her work on sex trafficking was awarded a People's Voice Webby, and she was a 2008 nominee for a News & Documentary Emmy Award. Chakarova's work has appeared in National Geographic, The New York Times Sunday Magazine, The Atlantic Monthly, CBS News, 60 Minutes, PBS FRONTLINE/World, and the Center for Investigative Reporting.
Practice of engaging in sexual activity, usually with individuals other than a spouse or friend, in exchange for immediate payment in money or other valuables. Prostitutes may be of either sex and may engage in either heterosexual or homosexual activity, but historically most prostitution has been by females with males as clients. Prostitution is a very old and universal phenomenon; also universal is condemnation of the prostitute but relative indifference toward the client. Prostitutes are often set apart in some way. In ancient Rome they were required to wear distinctive dress; under Hebrew law only foreign women could be prostitutes; in prewar Japan they were required to live in special sections of the city. In medieval Europe prostitution was licensed and regulated by law, but by the 16th century an epidemic of venereal disease and post-Reformation morality led to the closure of brothels. International cooperation to end the traffic in women for the purpose of prostitution began in 1899. In 1921 the League of Nations established the Committee on the Traffic in Women and Children, and in 1949 the UN General Assembly adopted a convention for the suppression of prostitution. In the U.S. prostitution was first curtailed by the Mann Act (1910), and by 1915 most states had banned brothels (Nevada being a notable exception). Prostitution is nevertheless tolerated in most U.S. and European cities. In The Netherlands many prostitutes have become members of a professional service union, and in Scandinavia government regulations emphasize hygienic aspects, requiring frequent medical examination and providing free mandatory hospitalization for anyone found to be infected with venereal disease. Prostitutes are very often poor and lack skills to support themselves; in many traditional societies there are few other available money-earning occupations for women without family support. In developing African and Asian countries, prostitution has been largely responsible for the spread of AIDS and the orphaning of hundreds of thousands of children.
Condition in which one human being is owned by another. Slavery has existed on nearly every continent, including Asia, Europe, Africa, and the Americas, and throughout most of recorded history. The ancient Greeks and Romans accepted the institution of slavery, as did the Mayas, Incas, Aztecs, and Chinese. Until European involvement in the trade, however, slavery was a private and domestic institution. Beginning in the 16th century, a more public and racially based type of slavery was established when Europeans began importing slaves from Africa to the New World (seeslave trade). An estimated 11 million people were taken from Africa during the transatlantic slave trade. By the mid-19th century the slave population in the U.S. had risen to more than four million, although slave imports had been banned from 1809. Most of the Africans sent to the United States worked on cotton or rice plantations in the South, their status governed by slave codes. Almost 40% of captives transported from Africa to the Americas were taken to Brazil, where harsh conditions required the constant replenishing of slaves. Following the rise of abolitionism, Britain outlawed slavery in its colonies in 1833, and France did the same in 1848. During the American Civil War, slavery was abolished in the Confederacy by the Emancipation Proclamation (1863), which was decreed by Pres. Abraham Lincoln. Brazil was the last to abolish slavery, doing so in 1888. Official policy notwithstanding, slavery continues to exist in many parts of the world. Many contemporary slaves are women and children forced into prostitution or working at hard labour or in sweatshops. Debt bondage is common, affecting millions of people, and slaves are often traded for material goods. See alsoDred Scott decision; Fugitive Slave Acts; serfdom; Underground Railroad.
Though I have been aware of "modern day slavery" issues for the past 10 years, the shock value never seems to wear off. nor should it. i hope others watch this as well as Melissa Bradley-Burns' documentary on the prostitution scene in Dubai:
Very powerful stories. The Fora.tv presentation on forced prositution and the Frontline documentary on how the economic situations of the subjects creates a reality for them should at least spark quite a few interesting conversations.
How others seem to place such a low "value" on the lives of others and sometimes themselves amazes me.