Humanitarian and Night author Elie Wiesel lectures on the theme "What Makes Us Moral: An Abrahamic Perspective."
Wiesel draws on his experience as a survivor of the Nazi concentration camps as well as contemporary global issues for evidence of what makes a moral or immoral society.
Tom Becker is the president of Chautauqua Institution. Becker joined Chautauqua in March 1985 as a vice president of the Institution and vice president of the Chautauqua Foundation. Over the years he was promoted to executive vice president and CEO of the Foundation.
In 2001, he continued as chief executive officer of the Foundation and was named executive vice president of Chautauqua Institution. As chief executive, Becker oversaw the growth of the Foundation into a professional fund-raising organization and led it to raising over $100 million in support of the Institution.
Elie Wiesel was born in 1928 in Sighet, Transylvania, which is now part of Romania. He was fifteen years old when he and his family were deported by the Nazis to Auschwitz. His mother and younger sister perished, his two older sisters survived. Elie and his father were later transported to Buchenwald, where his father died shortly before the camp was liberated in April 1945.
After the war, Elie Wiesel studied in Paris and later became a journalist. During an interview with the distinguished French writer, Francois Mauriac, he was persuaded to write about his experiences in the death camps. The result was his internationally acclaimed memoir, La Nuit or Night, which has since been translated into more than thirty languages.
In 1978, President Jimmy Carter appointed Elie Wiesel as Chairman of the President's Commission on the Holocaust. In 1980, he became the Founding Chairman of the United States Holocaust Memorial Council. He is also the Founding President of the Paris-based Universal Academy of Cultures and the Chairman of The Elie Wiesel Foundation for Humanity, an organization he and his wife created to fight indifference, intolerance and injustice. Elie Wiesel has received more than 100 honorary degrees from institutions of higher learning.
(born Sept. 30, 1928, Sighet, Rom.) Romanian-born U.S. novelist. Living in a small Hasidic community, Wiesel and his family were deported in 1944 to Auschwitz and then to Buchenwald; his parents and sister were killed. All his works reflect his experiences as a survivor of the Holocaust and his attempt to resolve the ethical torment of why it happened and what it reveals about human nature. They include Night (1958), A Beggar in Jerusalem (1968), The Testament (1980), and The Forgotten (1989). A noted lecturer, he was awarded the 1986 Nobel Prize for Peace for his universal condemnation of violence, hatred, and oppression.
I think he said the first question asked mankind by G_d is to Cain, but I think that actually the first question was to Adam. Did you eat of the fruit of the tree of knowledge of good and evil? The answer, the woman tempted me, and then the woman was asked and said the deceiver tempted me and interestingly there is nothing written saying that G_d questioned the deceiver.
Also my understanding is that G_d said that if you eat of it surely you will die. Does that mean they understood death? Later the conversation began between Eve and the deceiver who said that eating of the tree would not cause death and Eve decided that the deceiver was telling the truth, therefore G_d was not.
Thus began our excuses and our dilemma discerning what is truth and the beginning of separation between G_d and man/woman, and the separation between men and women. And that began the end of the deceiver.
Well if you believe in that stuff. Maybe it was the end of innocence and the beginning of choice.
...And there are 3 books about god (and many more), and many people with many power who all know excaclty how god wants us to behave and where we have to spend our money and with whom we should sleep or not...
Assuming the deaths your father speaks of were german soldiers, his killings have to be moral because they were necessary. The soldiers were willing to kill to preserve their right to kill jews and other 'non-aryans' just for the sake of it.
This is an example of when killing is moral, and this is why the commandment "thou shall not kill" has problems because it is absolute in nature.
Let's say you had a chance to kill the 9/11 bombers before the event, you were on the plane. You knew what they were going to do. It has to be your moral duty to do kill them, for the sake of all that followed from it. Don't get me wrong, it's still a last resort after reasoning with them, but to kill them is justified morally.
The same with your father. Even if it means he is damned for it, according to he rules of a god (which I don't believe made them) he STILL DID THE MORAL THING. Because regardless of whose religion is right and wrong, we know that REAL PEOPLE will die if he didn't do the right thing. For each person he killed, many more would have suffered and died at the hands of that person.
Life is precious. Humanity is precious.
I hope I haven't upset or offended you.
Wiesel said "war by definition is not moral apart from when it's a just war"
Now, I don't think the fora people are to blame because Wiesel is clearly confused as to the definition of the words he's using, and they're just trying to make sense of them as best they can.
However, I think Wiesel meant that a 'just war' is to be regarded as a 'moral intervention' and not a war, and that a war is something done for political reasons and is therefore immoral, as opposed to an 'intervention' done for moral reasons.
My PERSONAL opinion is that the world should get together and fight any regime in the world that dehumanizes it's people and acts in abominable ways to them, especially if it starts killing them. By 'fight' I mean that it should be done in the RIGHT way, not carpet bombing civilians indiscriminately, etc. The country of the freed people should then be our ally and we should have mutual respect for each other, tolerating free speech.