There are some misunderstandings which are unthinkingly accepted by most who study Immanuel Kant, the great Idealist and towering figure of Western Philosophy.
This lecture focuses on the three main ideas, including that Kant demonstrated the impossibility of making any argument for the existence of God- Gresham College
Emeritus Professor of Divinity at Gresham College, Professor Keith Ward has a BA from the University of Wales, an MA from the University of Cambridge, an MA and B Litt from the University of Oxford, a DD from Cambridge and a DD from Oxford.
He has held Lecturer posts in Logic at the University of Glasgow, Philosophy at St Andrew's, Philosophy of Religion at King's College London. He was Fellow, Dean and Director of Studies in Philosophy and in Theology at Trinity Hall Cambridge, where he was also Lecturer in Divinity. He was the F D Maurice Professor of Moral and Social Theology at the University of London, where he was also Professor and Head of Department of History and Philosophy of Religion.
Professor Ward is an ordained priest in the Church of England and was until 2003 Canon of Christ Church, Oxford. He is a Fellow of the British Academy, holds an Honorary Doctorate from the Free University of Amsterdam, is an Honorary Fellow of Trinity Hall, Cambridge and of the University of Wales.
He is a member of the Governing Council of the Royal Institute of Philosophy, and a member of the editorial boards of Religions Studies, Journal of Contemporary Religion, Studies in Inter-Religious Dialogue, and World Faiths Encounter. He has been a Visiting Professor at Drake University, Iowa, at Claremont Graduate School, California and at the University of Tulsa, Oklahoma.
He also holds the Regius Professorship of Divinity at the University of Oxford for over a decade. Professor Ward has delivered numerous prestigious public lectures and is the author of many books.
Ward brings clarity. Bravo.
Kant asserted the remedy for the confidence as obligatory ground by the essential feature of the God’s existence: “It is a priori morally necessary to produce the Good Sovereign by freedom of the will, it ought to be then condition for the possibility of the Good Sovereign founded, itself also, exclusively on the a priori fundaments of knowledge.”
Well, it's a very nice presentation of Kantian thoughts. His misrepresents Kant's rejection of the ontological argument. The concept of a circle is not affected by whether circles exist or not. The concept of dragons is not affected by whether dragons exist or not. The concept of god has no implications on whether god exists or not. The concept of perfection does not change or is not affected by whether perfection exists or not... Therefore, existence does not characterize any concepts. It is not a predicate of a concept. If you use existence as a predicate in a logical argument, then you are committing a serious mistake.
Keith Ward concludes his very helpful communication of Kant's vision in these stirring words: "Moral commitment governs how you think of reality; upon the moral belief that the good exists and must be pursued and it will triumph and goodness rules the world – these practical commitments lead to metaphysical beliefs; practice controls theory. Much modern history depends on this Kantian move". The "Copernican Revolution" that Kant initiated (or boosted) unfettered us from imagined powers and beings, presumed to be real and "objective", that controlled our minds and spirits and we could not participate or dialogue with this universe which we experience and think about. To paraphrase Freud: Kant took us to the place where we can aspire to say, "where IT is I shall be". Thank you Keith Ward for re-presenting Kant in your gentle but so intelligible way!